from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A nonproteinaceous organic substance that usually contains a vitamin or mineral and combines with a specific protein, the apoenzyme, to form an active enzyme system.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any small molecule that is necessary for the functioning of an enzyme.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- a molecule that is essential for the activity of some enzymes; it may exist free in solution within a living organism, but functions by binding to an enzyme to assist in catalyzing a reaction. The molecule itself may be temporarily changed during the reaction, but is ultimately restored to its original form. Many vitamins function as coenzymes.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
Sorry, no etymologies found.
~ Low-Dose CoQ10 Supplements Won't Ease Parkinson's (HealthDay) -- "Low doses of an antioxidant called coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), sold as a dietary supplement, do not appear to improve Parkinson's disease symptoms, a German study finds."
The analysis included breast milk at several stages of breast-feeding - from the first colostrum to mature milk - and covered both known antioxidants like tocopherol and a newly discovered nutrient called coenzyme Q10.
The substance being tested, called coenzyme Q10, is produced naturally in the body and is an important link in the chain of chemical reactions that produce energy in mitochondria, the
Taking the drug with certain common supplements, such as coenzyme Q-10 or glucosamine, is risky because they can change the blood-thinning effect of warfarin, possibly increasing the risk of bleeding, blood clots, or stroke complications, according to the researchers.
Statins deplete the body of a vital enzyme, coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10, with the following potential side effects (a selected few of many more): heart failure, muscle pain and weakness, irritability, mood swings, depression, memory loss, and impotence.
Folkers K, Langsjoen P, Willis R, et al. Lovastatin decreases coenzyme Q levels in humans.
Kishi T, Watanabe T, Folkers K. Bioenergetics in clinical medicine XV: Inhibition of coenzyme Q10-enzymes by clinically used adrenergic blockers of beta-receptors.
The clinical use of HMG CoA-reductase inhibitors and the associated depletion of coenzyme Q10: A review of animal and human publications.
The results presented here characterize subsequent steps in the pathway that yield the central metabolic intermediates pyruvate and propionyl coenzyme A (CoA).
PerioPaste uses coenzyme Q10 and folic acid to support healthy gums, and xylitol, a natural cavity fighter and fluoride alternative.