from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A family name; a surname.
- n. The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.
- n. A name, especially a descriptive nickname or epithet acquired through usage over a period of time.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. surname
- n. the third part of the name of a citizen of ancient Rome
- n. a nickname or epithet by which someone is identified; a byname; a moniker or sobriquet
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The last of the three names of a person among the ancient Romans, denoting his house or family.
- n. A surname.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A surname; a distinguishing name; specifically, the last of the three names by which a Roman of good family was known, indicating the house to which he belonged. See name.
- n. Loosely, a name, whether a given name, surname, or distinguishing epithet.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a familiar name for a person (often a shortened version of a person's given name)
- n. the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name)
I see that a daily paper in New York whose cognomen is borrowed from a very large object, has suggested that Secretary Seward should retire from Mr. Johnson's Cabinet in order to conciliate these Southern traitors, he being to them a very offensive object.
Colleen McCullough in her 'Masters of Rome' series managed the profusion of Julias using dimunitives (Julia, Julilla), nicknames (two little girls called Ju-ju and Lia) and a sort of 'cognomen' addition e.g.
That might not be quite it, because what I'm thinking of is like cognomen but for fitting in the line of poetry, and I don't know if there's a separate word for that.
The name was chosen because “Lucifer, the ancient name of the Morning Star, now called Venus, seems to us unsurpassed as a cognomen for a journal whose mission is to bring light to the dwellers in darkness.”
Anderson: Lawyerly Type, your cognomen is mischosen.
Under this appellation, he released fifteen or so albums (including the pop gem Adam's Apple), contributed material to soundtracks such as High Fidelity, been joined onstage and on recordings by a total of artists too large to tally here, and he is a critically-acclaimed writer (Listerine: The Life And Opinions Of Lawrence Stern) and novelist (Misfortune) under his Stace cognomen.
Usually in Kracton this cognomen of facial appearance would all be taken as a sign of intelligence headed toward an adulthood of wisdom.
"It means this," replied Oril, for that was the cognomen of his new friend.
Metellus Artorius Maximus is not a Roman name, it's three cognomen strung together.
Metellus is an unhappy choice of name then, because not only is a cognomen used as praenomen, but it's also one of those cognomen closely associated with one powerful family.