from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A form of seacoast cannon; a long, chambered gun designed for launching shot or shells with heavy charges of powder, at high angles of elevation.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A form of seacoast cannon; a long, chambered gun designed for throwing shot or shells with heavy charges of powder, at high angles of elevation.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A heavy castiron smooth-bore cannon of a form introduced by Colonel George Bomford, U. S. A., and used in the war of 1812.
- n. [capitalized] An epic of Columbia, that is, America: used as the title of several poems, as one by J. L. Moore (1798), one, better known, by Joel Barlow (1808), and one in French (La Colombiade) by Madame de Boccage (1756).
A columbiad throwing a ball of one hundred and twenty pounds, sufficient to crack the strongest embrasures, was on its way from some unknown region.
Standing on the pebbly shore, she bowed to the level of the boat's rail, and then aimed her as if an enemy directing a columbiad at Peleg's fish-flakes, eel-pots, and other articles, promising to let a cold shot drop in their midst.
The four six-pounders were brought away; the columbiad and the thirty-twos, being too heavy to be removed, were spiked and the carriages burned.
The armament remaining was found to consist of seven guns, including one eight-inch columbiad, two thirty-two-pounder iron guns, and four six-pounder iron guns.
When vigorously worked, this gun (the ten-inch columbiad spoken of) kept these vessels at a greater distance, rendered their fire less accurate, and the iron-clads seemed to have considerable respect for its missiles.
On that day a monitor took up position for action within 800 yards of the fort, but, on being struck once or twice by the columbiad, withdrew two or three hundred yards, and the writer never knew them to engage the fort at closer range afterward.
An admirable invention of Lieutenant-Colonel Yates for transferring guns on columbiad carriages was used with perfect success.
The following instructions were given the engineer department: To have Shell Point Battery constructed for three guns instead of two; the mortar batteries at Fort Johnson to be converted into gun batteries for one heavy rifled gun, or 10-inch columbiad each; to strengthen the gorge wall of Fort Sumter by means of wet cotton bales filled in between with sand and kept moist by means of tubes or hose from upper turpline.
The dismounted columbiad, however, was in a few days remounted.
So that in fact one ten-inch columbiad was the only armament opposed to the fleet during the siege.