from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The substitution of one text for another without substantial change to the music.
- n. The use of a secular melody with a religious text.
The lyrics of these early songs were these same works of Hebrew poetry “married” to melodies borrowed from well-known songs (a practice known as contrafactum).
Two much greater composers also turned to this last song: Lassus drew on it in his four-part lied Die Gnad kombt oben her, and Schein published in his Cantional of 1627 a contrafactum, Auf meinen lieben Gott, which later found its way into Protestant hymnbooks, leading in turn to countless arrangements over many years.