from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n.pl. An order of running birds including the ostrich, emu, and allies; the Ratitaæ.
- n.pl. A group of running spiders; the wolf spiders.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In ornithology: An order of birds, the struthious or ratite birds, corresponding to the Ratitæ of Merrem (1813), or the Brevipennes of Cuvier (1817): so called from the swift-footedness of most of these flightless birds. In Sundevall's system of classification, the fourth cohort of Grallatores, composed of the plovers, bustards, cranes, rails, and all other wading birds not included in his Limicolæ, Pelargi, or Herodii. Brevirostres is a synonym. In Illiger's system (1811), the fifth order of birds, uniting the struthious with the charadriomorphic birds: divided into Proceri (the struthious birds), Campestres (the bustards alone), and Littorales (the plovers and plover-like birds).
- In entomology, a group of spiders, such as the wolf-spiders (Lycosidæ), which make no webs, but capture their prey by swift pursuit. See Citigrada.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
This sort of wit is transmitted from generation to generation of the successive levies of youth who traverse the schools, who pass it from hand to hand, quasi cursores, and is almost always exactly the same; so that, as we have just pointed out, any one who had listened to Courfeyrac in
Nota, per Dromedarios, et cursores, et veloces, qui de hospitio ad hospitium permutantur, scit de remotis noua.
Thus there were two classes of _baccalarii_: the _baccalarii cursores_, _i. e._ theological candidates passed for admission to the divinity course, and the _baccalarii dispositi_, who, having completed this course, were entitled to proceed to the higher degrees.
The principal duties of the cursores are to invite those who are to take part in consistories. and functions in the papal chapel; to act as servitors in the pontifical palace and as doorkeepers of the conclave; to affix papal rescripts to the doors of the greater Roman basilicas; to issue the summons for attendance at canonizations, the funerals of cardinals, etc.
Episcopal courts have likewise cursores or apparitors among their officials.
In the early ages of the Church, an institution somewhat similar to that of the cursores is found in messengers, chosen from among the clergy, to carry important tidings from one bishop to another or from the bishop to his flock.
Despite these resemblances to the modern cursores, however, it seems evident that the latter took their rise from the employment of heralds by civil states, rather than from the prœcones of the early Church.
As the cursores are representatives of the pope, they must be received with the respect becoming the personage in whose name they speak, and their invitation has the force of a judicial summons.
There are some other inferior ministers of the judge in an ecclesiastical court, whose names it will be sufficient to mention, e.g. the apparitores, tabelliones, cursores (sheriffs, reporters, messengers), etc., according to the different customs of the courts.
Cursory meant either that the lecture was followed by the cursores, i.e. candidates for the licence, or that it ran rapidly over the subject-matter, whereas the treatment in the ordinary lecture was more thorough.