from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The fluid component of cytoplasm, excluding organelles and the insoluble, usually suspended, cytoplasmic components.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The aqueous solution of a cell's cytoplasm, consisting of water, organic molecules and inorganic ions.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The soluble components of the fluid matter enclosed within the cellular membrane; the portion of the cytoplasm which remains after removal of particulate components.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
It works by travelling into a part of the cell called the cytosol, where it knocks out the ribosome, a tiny "factory" that produces all the proteins needed to keep the cell functioning.
The team began building their test-tube immune system by adding RIG-I, the intracellular fluid known as cytosol, and the power-producing organelles called mitochondria.
In the animal cell there are many things the instruction manuel is the DNA protein factory is the ribosome recycling center is the lysosome gift wrapping and shipping center is the golgi complex DNA is stored and maintains in the nucleus (x) the mitochondria converts glucose into usable energy tokens tubes and fibers make the cytoskeleton the flexible outer skin is the cell membrane the smooth endoplasmic reticulum is where lipids are made vesicle delivers the proteins the cytosol is the slimy filling the rough endoplasmic reticulum helps ribosomes make and fold proteins those are the parts of the animals cell hope you like our song, ciao farewell!!!!!!!!!!!
Produced in the cytosol, the watery portion of the cell, this glutathione must be transferred into the mitochondria to defend against the free radicals, also known as reactive oxygen species, or ROSs.
Once NFκB is activated in the cytosol (watery portion of the cell) during oxidative stress (excess free radicals), it translocates to the nucleus, where it activates gene expression for the production of pro-inflammatory proteins called cytokines.
Within the liver cell, the primary subcellular components that contain the transforming enzymes are the microsomes (small vesicles) of the endoplasmic reticulum and the soluble fraction of the cytoplasm (cytosol).
They are generally associated with Phase II reactions, although some oxidation and reduction enzymes are contained in the cytosol.
Both processes are limited by the thermodynamic migration of molecules through the cytosol (intracellular solution), both processes are unreliable, and each process may take an arbitrary time to change the charge on the cellular membrane.
I always think of glutathione as being in the cytosol and forget about it being in the mitochondria.
In apoptosis, the cells shrink from decrease of cytosol in the nucleus.