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  • In general, there are obstacles of various kinds producing misery, or duhkha of various types.

    Overcoming Obstacles in Spiritual Life

  • In the extreme situation, to the Buddhist it was the relinquishment of the world of suffering and agony, of duhkha, and he did it by stepping into the selfless blank of Nirvana.

    Archive 2008-01-01

  • When he says, This also is the stopping of pain the Third Noble Truth, the Tathagata is merely reporting that he has seen how some men and women escape duhkha.

    Turning The Wheel

  • This is pain, he says in the First Noble Truth, where “this” refers to the entire phenomenal field of perception, to all worldly experience, which is characterized by impermanence and some form of suffering or duhkha duh, “bad”; kah, “hole.”

    Turning The Wheel

  • The second truth, this also is the origin of pain in the world of living beings, identifies thirst trishna or selfish desire arising from attachment as the root of duhkha.

    Turning The Wheel

  • The commentator explains that khatwam samarudhah Tibra duhkha-grastah.

    The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 Books 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12

  • The dual genitive duhkhayoh is used because worldly sukha also is regarded as duhkha.

    The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 Books 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12

  • “honourable,” “venerable,” is a title given only to those who have mastered the four spiritual truths: — (1) that “misery” is a necessary condition of all sentient existence; this is duhkha: (2) that the

    A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms

  • "All samskâra (dispositions; compositions) are impermanent and everything impermanent ends in pain (duhkha).

    Joseph S. O'Leary homepage

  • Every duhkha is without self and what is without self is empty (sûnyam) "(Udâna Vagga XI 5.8).

    Joseph S. O'Leary homepage


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  • It's also frequently rendered as unsatisfactoriness.

    September 1, 2009

  • "suffering is perhaps the most common translation for the Sanskrit word duhkha, which can also be translated as imperfect, stressful, or filled with anguish. "

    September 1, 2009