Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A hardy wheat (Triticum turgidum, formerly T. durum) used chiefly in making pasta.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A hard variety of wheat, Triticum turgidum or Triticum durum, whose flour is used to make pasta and bread.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern Russia, North Africa, and northern central North America

Etymologies

From Latin dūrum, neuter of dūrus, hard; see deru- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • North Dakota typically grows nearly three-fourths of the nation's durum, which is used to make semolina flour for pasta.

    KansasCity.com: Front Page

  • Cool, wet weather at planting and again at harvest means North Dakota farmers still are out in the fields and few days behind getting durum, which is used to make semolina flour for pasta, in the bin.

    The Seattle Times

  • You can make fresh pasta with semolina, a grainy product made from a hard wheat called durum, but the result will be a somewhat coarser dough.

    chicagotribune.com - News

  • Oscar Farinetti is the business mind behind Eataly, the emporium dedicated to selling staples of Italian cooking such as durum wheat pasta, extra virgin olive oil, Parma ham, fresh vegetables and a wide variety of cheese.

    Oscar Farinetti Mixes Business With Pleasure

  • Waves of Green freekeh Freekeh is the name used for any wheat, usually durum, that's harvested when still green, then fire-threshed to give it a smoky intensity and pliant pop.

    Week in Words

  • The single desk controls around 14% of global wheat exports, including about half the world's exports of durum wheat, which is used to make pasta.

    Canada Is Taking Aim at Its Wheat Monopoly

  • IntercontinentalExchange Inc. said it will look to launch new futures contracts for Canadian spring wheat and durum wheat and a revised barley futures contract.

    Canada Is Taking Aim at Its Wheat Monopoly

  • FREEKEH Freekeh is the name used for any wheat, usually durum, that's harvested when still green, then fire-threshed to give it a smoky intensity and pliant pop.

    Get Your Freekeh On

  • The pasta for the macaroni and cheese, for example, comes from Tuscany's Pasta Lensi, but its methods and 100% durum wheat make it consistent with Mr. Marsh's goals.

    From Farm to Table

  • Having passed up my three or four best opportunities to come right out and ask him, I'd already been beaten, and he proceeded to spin his yarns about the experimental durum of Kansas and the time a seasonal worker from Denmark named Jens got bitten by a rattlesnake in Montana during a really, really dry canola harvest.

    Sullen Months, Möbius Strips

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