from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Variant of diarchy.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Alternative spelling of diarchy.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A government by two; a diarchy. Also duarchy.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a form of government having two joint rulers
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Two years later that policy was partly brought to fruition in the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms when dyarchy, that is to say a dual system of government, was introduced into the provinces, whereby the Governors ruled their provinces with the aid of Cabinets, chosen from Indian Legislatures, but at the same time certain subjects were reserved and among them law and order, so that there might not be too abrupt a transition from unitarian government to responsible government in the provinces.
In a system called "dyarchy," the nation-building departments of government - agriculture, education, public works, and the like - were placed under ministers who were individually responsible to the legislature.
Under the dyarchy principle, important matters were reserved for the governor and the appointed British members of his executive council; the less important (sanitation, education, agriculture, etc.) were to be transferred to the Indian members.
The council was reorganized along functional lines in a system similar to British dyarchy.
Working the institutions introduced under dyarchy underscored the very different interests of urban and rural participants.
At the center, the act essentially provided for the establishment of dyarchy, but it also provided for a federal system that included the princes.
At some schools, I am told, there is a sort of dyarchy.
That, of course, again is dyarchy of the same kind as was originally in force in the provinces and which proved unsuccessful.
As you know the next installment of reform was given in 1935 by the Act of 1935, when the autonomy in the provinces which had been begun in 1919 was extended by the abolition of the system of dyarchy so that every subject of administration was dealt with by the Governor with the aid of his Cabinet.
Governors, of treating the two wings of their Government as equally associated with them in a common task of governance, has robbed the distinction between "reserved" and "transferred" subjects, if not of all reality, at any rate of the invidious appearance of discrimination which might otherwise have attached to the word "dyarchy."