Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A soft, silvery rare-earth element used in nuclear research. Atomic number 66; atomic weight 162.50; melting point 1,407°C; boiling point 2,600°C; specific gravity 8.536; valence 3. See Table at element.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A metallic chemical element (symbol Dy) with an atomic number of 66.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An element of the rare earth-group. Symbol Dy; at. wt., 162.5.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In chem., one of the supposedly distinct elements of the yttrium group contained in samarskite and gadolinite, closely related to holmium, but distinguished from it by a special absorption-spectrum.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; forms compounds that are highly magnetic

Etymologies

New Latin, from Greek dusprositos, difficult to approach : dus-, dys- + prositos, approachable (from prosienai, to approach : pros-, toward + ienai, i-, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek δυσπρόσιτος (dusprositos, "hard to get"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • A material known as dysprosium, used in magnets for wind turbines and electric vehicles, is particularly important to the clean-technology sector.

    U.S.: Rare-Earth Supplies Face Possible Disruptions

  • Dysprosium - one of the most critical rare-earth elements used in heat-resistant magnets for military radar systems In Latin, dysprosium means "hard to get" - has risen from $6.50 per pound in 2003 to more than $130 per pound today.

    The Full Feed from HuffingtonPost.com

  • It said Boulder Wind Power's design allows for magnets that don't need the mineral dysprosium, which is scarce.

  • Ucore mines for heavy' rare-earth minerals such as dysprosium, which is used to make wind turbines and electric vehicles.

    BusinessWeek.com -- Top News

  • Japan's high-powered magnet makers are grappling with tight supplies of dysprosium, which is commercially available at a reasonable cost only in China.

    Yahoo! News: Business - Opinion

  • TOKYO Reuters - Japan aims to cut domestic consumption of a heavy rare earth used widely in hybrid cars and electronics by 30 percent over the next two years as China keeps a tight grip on exports of the material, known as dysprosium.

    Yahoo! News: Business - Opinion

  • Department of Energy study recently warned of short-term supply disruptions for elements such as dysprosium and neodymium needed to make wind turbines and electric cars.

    China's Rare-Earth Exports Slide, Still Bust Quota

  • China controls around 95% of the world's rare-earth output, a near-monopoly it has slowly built with the help of its export quotas to achieve higher prices for the ores, which include obscure elements such as dysprosium and neodymium.

    China May Widen Door to Rare-Earth Joint Ventures

  • HREE, such as dysprosium and terbium, is estimated at 8% and 6% respectively.

    Latest News - Yahoo!7 News

  • Southern Afghanistan, where Helmand is located, may also hold uranium and so-called heavy rare-earth elements such as dysprosium, he said, which is used in magnets.

    BusinessWeek.com -- Top News

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