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Two concepts in the social sciences and psychiatry are useful: the idea of equifinality and the idea of multifinality.
As he tested various hypotheses about why a particular spatial distribution had come to be, he sometimes found that more than one hypothesis could lead to the exact same pattern—a phenomenon that scientists and philosophers often call “equifinality.”
 J. Mathieu, T. Heffner, G. Goodwin, J. Cannon-Bowers, and E. Salas, "Scaling the quality of teammates 'mental models: equifinality and normative comparisons," Journal of Organizational Behavior, vol. 26, pp. 37-56, 2005.
How true that equifinality applies to both climate and death.
The caveat is that human behavior can be expected to exhibit both equifinality and multifinality, and this needs to be kept in mind in any attempt to isolate causes.
t be in this business; reflects something of the current problem and the nature of the equifinality that has currently defeated policy.