from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A tree or shrub that is trained to grow in a flat plane against a wall, often in a symmetrical pattern.
- n. A trellis or other framework on which an espalier is grown.
- transitive v. To train as or on an espalier.
- transitive v. To provide with an espalier.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A latticework used to shape or train the branches of a tree or shrub into a two-dimensional ornamental or useful design, as along a wall or fence.
- n. A plant that has been shaped in this manner.
- v. To train a plant in this manner.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A railing or trellis upon which fruit trees or shrubs are trained, as upon a wall; a tree or row of trees so trained.
- transitive v. To form an espalier of, or to protect by an espalier.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To train on or protect by an espalier, as a tree or trees.
- n. In horticulture: A trelliswork of various forms on which the branches of fruit-trees or -bushes are extended horizontally, in fan shape, etc., in a single plane, with the object of securing for the plant a freer circulation of air as well as better exposure to the sun.
- n. A tree or plant trained on such a trellis or system. Trees trained as espaliers are not subjected to such abrupt variations of temperature as wall-trees.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a trellis on which ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat
More over, the chief officers decided to decorate the road and to stand in espalier of double line, whilst the bride should pass by preceded by her eunuchs and serving women and clad in the gear her father had given her.
So the beasts of the sea and the elephants and leopards and lynxes and all beasts of the land ranged themselves in espalier on either side of the way, after their several kinds, and similarly the Jinn drew out in two ranks, appearing all to mortal eyes without concealment, in divers forms grisly and gruesome.
It's a paradise for climbers, for some evergreens ... for some fruit trees "en espalier", etc ...
Training plants through espalier helps produce gardens that are precise but not stiff.
It's a paradise for climbers, for some evergreens... for some fruit trees "en espalier", etc...
She allows them to grow as if unguided, as if she were accompanying them rather than training them through the espalier of her narration.
Pears, apples, stone fruit, persimmons, and hardy kiwis or grapes (with wire or trellis support), and are all candidates for espalier or 2-D training.
He had decided to espalier the fig shoots, training them into a fence to shelter our back yard.
This odd espalier, with its branches of lead and iron, was the first thing that struck Jean Valjean.
Also, it may be trained as a single trunk tree or espalier.