In a few countries the blue gum tree . . . was pivotal in an unusual attack on malaria. Planted in mosquito-infested marshes, the trees soon dried the marshes through their heavy feeding, effectively killing the mosquitoes. The blue gum thus earned the name Australian fevertree.
--Claire Kowalchik and William H. Hylton, 1998, Rodale's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs, p. 185