from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Plural form of firman.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Even the Greek government does not lecture us on 'firmans' any more.

    Not from (or to) the new Parthenon museum

  • This method of marking time is preserved only in government documents, such as firmans, grants, &c. No one seems able to account for its origin, excepting that according to tradition, the Toorks of old brought it from

    Glimpses of Life and Manners in Persia

  • Gordon received a budget of £1 million and two firmans.

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • The different hamlets, from hence down the river, as far as Assouan, form part of the territory of Birbe; which, in consequence of old firmans from the Porte, enjoys an entire exemption from all kinds of land tax.

    Travels in Nubia

  • Since this guardianship carries with it the receipt of the coins which the pilgrims leave upon the shrines, it is strenuously fought for by all the rival Churches, and the artifices of intrigue are busily exerted at Stamboul in order to procure the issue or revocation of the firmans by which the coveted privilege is granted.


  • At that time Athens was a small, sleepy outpost of the sultan's empire, and Elgin was able to obtain firmans, or permits, for the removal and export of the sculptures by resorting to payments -- he lists �,902 in presents to local Turkish officials.

    At the Museums: The Parthenon Marbles Custody Case

  • Legentes enim in propheta, Ego sum firmans tonitruum, et creans spiritum, Amos iv. 13, ignorantia multiplicis in hac parte sermonis putaverunt


  • Alivirdi wants to keep us down; he has forbidden us to fight the French even if war does break out between us at home; and though the Mogul has granted us charters -- they call them firmans here -- Alivirdi doesn't care a rap for such things, and must have us under his heel.

    In Clive's Command A Story of the Fight for India

  • Excavation is the exclusive privilege of the Museums, but firmans may be obtained by scientific societies and specialists.

    How to Observe in Archaeology

  • In compliance with the firmans sent by the Porte to all the governors of Syria, she was treated with distinctions usually paid to no one under princely rank.

    Little Memoirs of the Nineteenth Century


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