from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. hearth tax

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Hearth money.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A tax on chimneys; hearth-money. Also fuage.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old French fumage, fumaige, from Latin fumus smoke.


  • Another of Sir William Petty's helps in the arithmetic of population was the Chimney Tax, a revival of the old fumage or hearth-money -- smoke farthings, as the people called them -- once paid, according to

    Essays on Mankind and Political Arithmetic

  • [Although fumage or smoke money was as old as the Conquest, the first parliamentary levy of hearth or chimney money was by statute

    The Diary of Samuel Pepys, Mar/Apr 1661/62


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  • leaves one fuming

    January 29, 2010

  • A method of making an image with smoke fumes. Fumage was invented by Wolfgang Paalen, whose first fumages were made with a kerosene lamp. When surrealist painter Salvador Dali (Spanish, 1904-1988), made a fumage, he called the method sfumato; and some have spelled this term sfumage. (From ArtLex)

    June 5, 2008