from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A defect of the abdominal wall through which the viscera protrude

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Congenital fissure of the abdominal wall.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • The diagnosis of gastroschisis is usually made by ultrasound, in many cases following an elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein test in the second trimester.


  • Unlike other abdominal wall defects such as omphalocele, gastroschisis is typically not associated with chromosomal anomalies or other structural malformations with the exception of intestinal atresia (blockage), which occurs in only about 10 percent of cases.


  • Amniotic fluid acetylcholinesterase is found in gastroschisis but not omphalocele.

    CHOP abdominal wall defect publications

  • Meconium dependence of bowel damage in gastroschisis.

    CHOP gastrointestinal anomaly publications

  • The biggest increase in risk was for their baby having a birth defect called gastroschisis, in which part of its stomach or intestines protrude through the skin.

    Birth defects linked for first time to smoking in pregnancy

  • Vannucchi MG, Midrio P, Flake AW, Faussone-Pellegrini MS. Neuronal differentiation and myenteric plexus organization are delayed in gastroschisis.

    CHOP abdominal wall defect publications

  • FRIDAY, Feb. 5 (HealthDay News) -- There's a link between a birth defect called gastroschisis and the agricultural chemical atrazine, a new study has found.

    Medlogs - Recent stories

  • A related disorder called gastroschisis, which involves just the intestines, has been on the rise in the United States. - Home

  • The 15-month-old, from Whinyates Rise, Cannock, was born with a rare condition known as gastroschisis meaning she was born with her bowels outside her body.

    Express & Star

  • My daughter has no belly button either, born with something called a 'gastroschisis'.

    Mario Bros. Plumbing and Rapture t-shirts (link roundup)


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    Gastroschisis is an abnormality (defect or hole) in the abdominal wall that allows the abdominal contents to protrude outside the body. There is no peritomeal covering over the bowel or other contents. The defect is located to the right of the umbilicus (belly button/navel) and is completely separate from the umbilicus. The abnormality is usually very small, but the exposed contents can range from the stomach to the rectum (almost all of large and small bowel can become exposed). The stomach may be involved but not the liver.
    Gastroschisis has no sac covering the exposed contents.
    It occurs in the first born 74% of the time.
    The malformation is always obvious at birth and able to be seen as early as 14 weeks of pregnancy

    The associated problems are :
    Prematurity (55%)
    Intra uterine growth retardation (77%)
    Cardiac problems
    Minor malformations in small bowel, may be a part of the Gastroschisis itself
    Intestine shortened to as much as one third of the normal length.

    In Gastroschisis, the bowel is not contained, but floats freely with the amniotic fluid. Contact with amniotic fluid may cause severe damage to the bowel, which suffers growth failure, becoming thickened, matted, shortened and with poor mucosal function. This damage become more severe with prolonged exposure to amniotic fluid, and accelerates from thirty-five weeks gestation.

    January 7, 2007