Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A filamentous coating of glycoprotein and polysaccharide on the surface of bacteria and some other cells

Etymologies

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Examples

  • A dense layer of macromolecules that lines the surface, known as the glycocalyx, may participate in transmitting the force across the cell membrane.

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  • Endothelial-cell activation is associated with the shedding of components of the glycocalyx, adhesion molecules and endothelial microparticles into the circulation.

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  • Alternatively, CTZ could be destroyed by the production of inactivating enzymes such as β-lactamase that accumulated within the glycocalyx of the

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  • Bacteria and viruses bind to mucins and the cellular glycocalyx of airway epithelia based on their glycosylation patterns

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  • Recently, work by Tarbell and others has suggested that the forces are propagated across the membrane through a dense layer of macromolecules that lines the surface, known as the glycocalyx.

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  • Compromising the glycocalyx, however, does not completely abolish the cell's response to physical force, suggesting that other membrane proteins play key roles, as well.

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  • Vascular mimics the cell layer found on natural tissue surfaces. r4 Vascular designed the catheter to have a biomimetic surface that mimics the natural glycocalyx layer on endothelial tissues.

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  • Neuraminic sialic acids are glycocalyx sugars that play important roles in the modulation of malignant cell behaviour.

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  • The external layer of many cells made up of carbohydrates covalently linked to proteins which are closely associated with the cell membrane.

    September 30, 2008