from The Century Dictionary.
- Pertaining to or derived from licorice.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective Of or pertaining to
glycyrrhizic acidor its derivatives
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Nutmeg contains myristicin, which in high doses can induce convulsions, palpitations and generalized body pain; licorice has glycyrrhizic acid, which if consumed in large amounts can give rise to dangerously high blood pressure; soy-based products such as tofu contain high levels of plant-based estrogens that could affect hormonal balance.
The root of the licorice plant is extracted with ammonia to produce an ammonium salt of the sweet-tasting glycyrrhizic acid.
Thanks to its hormone-like chemical structure, glycyrrhizic acid has a number of effects on the human body, some helpful and some not.
Glycyrrhizin or glycyrrhizic acid, a compound found in licorice root, is 50–100 times sweeter than sucrose, and is the reason that licorice was first made into a sweet by extracting the root in hot water, then boiling down the extract.
The woody roots of this shrub are remarkable for containing a steroid-like chemical, glycyrrhizic acid, that is 50–150 times sweeter than table sugar.
They then inhibited 11-beta-HSD2 with the natural liquorice component glycyrrhizic acid, and by silencing the gene for 11-beta-HSD2.
Scientists at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee, sought to use glycyrrhizic acid, the main sweet-tasting component of liquorice, to inhibit the enzyme
But identifying the role liquorice could potentially play in preventing in bowel cancer may pave the way for nutraceutical applications rooted in liquorice's natural chemical glycyrrhizic acid.
So in a departure from these treatments, Harris and Zhang investigated the role glycyrrhizic acid could play in inhibiting 11-beta-HSD2.