from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The condition of lacking necessities or comforts; privation or suffering.
  • noun A thing or circumstance that causes ongoing or persistent suffering or difficulty: synonym: difficulty.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Severe labor or want; suffering or excessive toil, physical or mental; adversity; affliction; also, anything that exacts physical or mental endurance.
  • noun Hard treatment; injury; oppression; injustice.
  • noun Synonyms Trial, burden, grievance, trouble.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun That which is hard to bear, as toil, privation, injury, injustice, etc.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun countable or uncountable Difficulty or trouble; hard times.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a state of misfortune or affliction
  • noun something that causes or entails suffering
  • noun something hard to endure


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English herdschipe, hardischipe, equivalent to hard +‎ -ship.



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  • Said of the Titanic.

    October 10, 2008