from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Extreme privation; suffering.
  • n. A cause of privation or suffering. See Synonyms at difficulty.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Difficulty or trouble; hard times.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. That which is hard to bear, as toil, privation, injury, injustice, etc.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Severe labor or want; suffering or excessive toil, physical or mental; adversity; affliction; also, anything that exacts physical or mental endurance.
  • n. Hard treatment; injury; oppression; injustice.
  • n. Synonyms Trial, burden, grievance, trouble.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a state of misfortune or affliction
  • n. something that causes or entails suffering
  • n. something hard to endure


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English herdschipe, hardischipe, equivalent to hard +‎ -ship.



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  • Said of the Titanic.

    October 10, 2008