from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion of water.
- n. The degradation of certain biopolymers (proteins, complex sugars) by the chemical process that results in smaller polymers or monomers (such as amino acids or monosaccharides)
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A chemical process causing the splitting of a chemical bond by the addition of the elements of water. .
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A kind of chemical decomposition by which a compound is broken up and resolved into other compounds by taking up the elements of water.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water
A cold-trapping experiment revealed that the nonenzymatic rate of Gln-AMP hydrolysis is too slow to account for the rapid AMP formation; hence, the hydrolysis of Gln-AMP to form glutamine and AMP must be directly catalyzed by the GlnRS x tRNA (2'HGln) complex.
The energy from ATP hydrolysis is only converted into a conformational change that constrains the response of the myosin or kinesin to Brownian motion.
The proximate location of newly discovered ice-fields, next to these "peaks of eternal light," will allow for the creation of fuel depots where water is mined and then solar energy is used to break it down to Hydrogen and Oxygen for rocket fuel (a process known as hydrolysis).
Disaccharides are broken down through a process called hydrolysis, in which a water molecule is removed and an enzyme breaks apart the monomers.
When the water is added, a process called hydrolysis takes place.
The reverse process, where a large molecule is broken into smaller ones by reacting with water, is called a hydrolysis reaction.
It undergoes a type of reaction called hydrolysis where one or two of the terminal phosphate groups are released.
Harvesting of energy that is put into self-replication, such as hydrolysis of high-energy bonds – as the protein about which you are afraid to predict does.
-- The term "hydrolysis" is applied to any resolution of a body into its constituents where the decomposition is brought about by the action of water, hence when soap is treated with
Saponification involves hydrolysis of esters under basic conditions to form an alcohol and the salt of a carboxylic acid carboxylates, producing a soap-like solid from the fatty acid derivatives.