from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun The process or act of introducing into a compound by substitution the radical nitryl, NO2.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun chemistry The reaction of something with nitric acid; especially such a reaction, in the presence of sulphuric acid, to introduce a nitro functional group into a compound.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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  • Until recently, the utilization of methane as a chemical building block was limited to free radical reactions (combustion, nitration, chlorination, etc.).

    Hydrocarbons for the 21st Century - The Work of the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute 1999

  • Like my research on chemical reaction rates in solution at McGill (kinetics of nitration), it was experimental in nature.

    Rudolph A. Marcus - Biography 1993

  • Brooklyn Poly - experiments on gas phase reactions, flash photolysis, isotopic exchange electron transfer, bipolar electrolytes, nitration, and photoelectrochemistry, among others-and during all of my stay at NRC and at McGill.

    Rudolph A. Marcus - Biography 1993

  • The methods of nitration or decantation, the use of new containers which have never been used, the taking into account of the pharmaceutical forms (especially orally or externally) explain in part the situation.

    Chapter 12 1991

  • Cyclotrimethylenetrinittrime or cyclonite is Page 11 manufactured in bulk by the nitration of hexamethylenetetramine,

    A Large Collection of Incendiary Information (Part II) 1990

  • In 1869 and 1870 he was assistant to H. Wichelhaus in Berlin, with whom he worked on the nitration of b-naphthol.

    Otto Wallach - Biography 1966

  • When the nitration is complete, the collodion-cotton is removed from the pots, and treated in exactly the same manner as described under gun-cotton.

    Nitro-Explosives: A Practical Treatise

  • After nitration the cage is carried to a wringer, which forms the basket, and the acids removed.

    Nitro-Explosives: A Practical Treatise

  • Mowbray was probably the first to use compressed air for the purpose of keeping the liquids well agitated during the process of nitration, which he conducted in earthenware pots, each containing a charge of 17 lbs. of the mixed acids and 2 lbs. of glycerol.

    Nitro-Explosives: A Practical Treatise

  • In Nathan's nitrator every existing trace of nitro-glycerine is separated from the acids in a few hours after the nitration, and any further formation of nitro-glycerine is prevented by adding about 2 per cent. of water to the waste acids, which are kept agitated during the addition.

    Nitro-Explosives: A Practical Treatise


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