from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The act of exposing or the condition of being exposed to radiation.
- n. The use or application of ionizing radiation, especially in medical treatment and for the sterilization or preservation of food.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An act of irradiating, or state of being irradiated.
- n. illumination; irradiance; brilliance.
- n. figurative: mental light or illumination.
- n. the apparent enlargement of a bright object seen upon a dark ground, due to the fact that the portions of the retina around the image are stimulated by the intense light; as when a dark spot on a white ground appears smaller, or a white spot on a dark ground larger, than it really is, especially when a little out of focus.
- n. a process of sterilisation whereby radiation is passed through a bag containing food, utensils, etc., to sterilise the contents.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Act of irradiating, or state of being irradiated.
- n. Illumination; irradiance; brilliancy.
- n. Fig.: Mental light or illumination.
- n. The apparent enlargement of a bright object seen upon a dark ground, due to the fact that the portions of the retina around the image are stimulated by the intense light; as when a dark spot on a white ground appears smaller, or a white spot on a dark ground larger, than it really is, esp. when a little out of focus.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of irradiating or emitting beams of light; illumination; brightness emitted; enlightenment.
- n. In physics, the phenomenon of the apparent enlargement of an object strongly illuminated, when seen against a dark ground.
- n. In neurology, the diffusion of a nervous impulse to parts outside the normal path of conduction.
- n. In therapeutics, subjection to the influence of X-rays or other form of radioactivity.
- n. In anatomy, the disposition of fibrous or other structures in stellate form.
- n. In chem., exposure to radiant light: as, some substances are said to phosphoresce by irradiation.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (physiology) the spread of sensory neural impulses in the cortex
- n. (medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance
- n. a column of light (as from a beacon)
- n. the condition of being exposed to radiation
- n. the apparent enlargement of a bright object when viewed against a dark background
- n. (Pavolvian conditioning) the elicitation of a conditioned response by stimulation similar but not identical to the original stimulus
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The problem is largely that the term "irradiation" sounds like what might have happened to Blinky, the three-eyed fish that Bart Simpson caught downstream from the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant in a 1990 "Simpsons" TV episode.
If the irradiation is too strong, however, it may give rise to tissue damage, but this may to some extent be prevented by pigmentation of the skin as in the negro or in those much exposed to the sun.
The effect of irradiation is absolutely universal, mutations appear after irradiation within all organisms, from simple viruses and bacteria up to the most highly organized plants and mammals.
One is through irradiation, which is not widely used.
I next set out to determine as precisely as possible how far the factor of fusion, or what Parrish has called irradiation, enters into the judgments.
This effect is due to irradiation, that is to say, to the glare from a bright surface, giving a deceptive enlargement to its apparent area.
Wenonah Hauter, the executive director of Food & Water Watch - which calls irradiation "a gross failure" - told me it was "expensive and impractical, a band-aid on the real problems with our food system."
Beth Volpe, 60, of Hammond, is one of the women fortunate enough to qualify for and be told about partial breast irradiation, which is great news not only for her but the two sisters, daughter and five granddaughters who have genes in common with her.
It was essentially an 'irradiation' accident, not a 'contamination' accident, as it did not result in any significant release of radioactive materials.
But, looking at examples in medicine such as irradiation devices to treat cancer, we see that inflation-adjusted costs continue to rise.