from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The act or process of replicating something.
  • noun Biology The process by which genetic material, a single-celled organism, or a virus reproduces or makes a copy of itself.
  • noun In scientific research, the repetition of an experiment to confirm findings or to ensure accuracy.
  • noun A copy or reproduction.
  • noun Law The plaintiff's response to the defendant's answer or plea; a reply.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun An answer; a reply.
  • noun In law, the third step in the pleadings in a common-law action or bill in equity, being the reply of the plaintiff or complainant to the defendant's plea or answer.
  • noun Return or repercussion of sound.
  • noun In logic, the assuming or using of the same term twice in the same proposition.
  • noun Repetition; hence, a copy; a portrait.
  • noun A repeated folding or bending back of a surface.
  • noun In music, the repetition of a tone at a higher or lower octave, or a combination of replicates together.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun An answer; a reply.
  • noun (Law Pleadings) The reply of the plaintiff, in matters of fact, to the defendant's plea.
  • noun Return or repercussion, as of sound; echo.
  • noun A repetition; a copy.
  • noun (Biochem.) The copying, by enzymes, of a cell's genome, i.e. the DNA or RNA comprising its genetic material, so as to form an identical genome. This is an essential step in the division of one cell into two. This differs from transcription, which is the copying of only part of the genetic information of a cell's genome into RNA, as in the processes of biosynthesis of messenger RNA or ribosomal RNA.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Process by which an object, person, place or idea may be copied mimicked or reproduced.
  • noun Copy; reproduction.
  • noun law A response from the plaintiff to the defendant's plea.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one)
  • noun (genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
  • noun the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves
  • noun copy that is not the original; something that has been copied
  • noun the act of making copies
  • noun (law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer
  • noun the repetition of an experiment in order to test the validity of its conclusion


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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