Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A group of cells or organisms that are descended from and genetically identical to a single progenitor, such as a bacterial colony whose members arose from a single original cell.
  • noun An organism developed asexually from another and genetically identical to it, such as an animal produced from an egg cell into which the nucleus of an adult individual has been transferred.
  • noun A DNA sequence, such as a gene, that is transferred from one organism to another and replicated by genetic engineering techniques.
  • noun One that copies or closely resembles another, as in appearance or function.
  • intransitive verb To make multiple identical copies of (a DNA sequence).
  • intransitive verb To create or propagate (an organism) from a clone cell.
  • intransitive verb To reproduce or propagate asexually.
  • intransitive verb To produce a copy of; imitate closely.
  • intransitive verb To grow as a clone.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In pathology, the condition of clonus.
  • noun Same as clon.
  • noun In the nomenclature of the spicular elements of sponges, one of the branches of a spicule: generally restricted to tetraxial forms.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Biol.) a group of organisms derived from a single individual by some kind of asexual reproduction; -- used mostly of microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast.
  • noun (Biol.) an individual organism containing a genetic complement identical to that of another organism, produced by using the genetic material from the second animal in a non-sexual reproduction process.
  • noun something virtually identical to another object.
  • transitive verb (Biol.) to make a clone from; to make identical copies of an organism by a non-sexual process of reproduction.
  • transitive verb (Microbiol.) to grow colonies of a microorganism by spreading a suspension of the microorganism onto a solid growth medium (such as in a Petri dish), at a concentration such that individual colonies will grow from single cells sufficiently well separated from other colonies so that pure cultures derived from a single organism can be isolated.
  • transitive verb (Biochem.) to make large quantities of a segment of DNA by inserting it, using biochemical techniques, into the DNA of a microorganism, and growing that microorganism in large numbers.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A living organism (originally a plant) produced asexually from a single ancestor, to which it is genetically identical.
  • noun A copy or imitation of something already existing, especially when designed to simulate it.
  • verb To create a clone.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction
  • noun a person who is almost identical to another
  • verb make multiple identical copies of
  • noun an unauthorized copy or imitation

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Greek klōn, twig.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek κλών (klōn, "twig").

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