from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Music A sound of distinct pitch, quality, and duration; a note.
- n. Music The interval of a major second in the diatonic scale; a whole step.
- n. Music A recitational melody in a Gregorian chant.
- n. The quality or character of sound.
- n. The characteristic quality or timbre of a particular instrument or voice.
- n. The pitch of a word used to determine its meaning or to distinguish differences in meaning.
- n. The particular or relative pitch of a word, phrase, or sentence.
- n. Manner of expression in speech or writing: took an angry tone with the reporters.
- n. A general quality, effect, or atmosphere: a room with an elegant tone.
- n. A color or shade of color: light tones of blue.
- n. Quality of color: The green wallpaper had a particularly somber tone.
- n. The general effect in painting of light, color, and shade.
- n. Physiology The normal state of elastic tension or partial contraction in resting muscles.
- n. Physiology Normal firmness of a tissue or an organ.
- transitive v. To give a particular tone or inflection to.
- transitive v. To soften or change the color of (a painting or photographic negative, for example).
- transitive v. To sound monotonously; intone.
- transitive v. To make firmer or stronger. Often used with up: exercises that tone up the body.
- intransitive v. To assume a particular color quality.
- intransitive v. To harmonize in color.
- tone down To make less vivid, harsh, or violent; moderate.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A specific pitch.
- n. (in the diatonic scale) An interval of a major second.
- n. (in a Gregorian chant) A recitational melody.
- n. The character of a sound, especially the timbre of an instrument or voice.
- n. General character, mood, or trend.
- n. The pitch of a word that distinguishes a difference in meaning, for example in Chinese.
- n. The manner in which speech or writing is expressed.
- n. The shade or quality of a colour.
- n. The definition and firmness of a muscle or organ. see also: tonus
- n. The state of a living body or of any of its organs or parts in which the functions are healthy and performed with due vigor.
- n. Normal tension or responsiveness to stimuli.
- v. to give a particular tone to
- v. to change the colour of
- v. to make (something) firmer
- v. to harmonize, especially in colour
- pro. The one (of two).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Sound, or the character of a sound, or a sound considered as of this or that character.
- n. Accent, or inflection or modulation of the voice, as adapted to express emotion or passion.
- n. A whining style of speaking; a kind of mournful or artificial strain of voice; an affected speaking with a measured rhythm ahd a regular rise and fall of the voice.
- n. A sound considered as to pitch
- n. The larger kind of interval between contiguous sounds in the diatonic scale, the smaller being called a semitone as, a whole tone too flat; raise it a tone.
- n. The peculiar quality of sound in any voice or instrument.
- n. A mode or tune or plain chant.
- n. That state of a body, or of any of its organs or parts, in which the animal functions are healthy and performed with due vigor.
- n. Tonicity.
- n. State of mind; temper; mood.
- n. Tenor; character; spirit; drift.
- n. General or prevailing character or style, as of morals, manners, or sentiment, in reference to a scale of high and low.
- n. The general effect of a picture produced by the combination of light and shade, together with color in the case of a painting; -- commonly used in a favorable sense.
- n. Quality, with respect to attendant feeling; the more or less variable complex of emotion accompanying and characterizing a sensation or a conceptual state.
- n. Color quality proper; -- called also hue. Also, a gradation of color, either a hue, or a tint or shade.
- n. The condition of normal balance of a healthy plant in its relations to light, heat, and moisture.
- transitive v. To utter with an affected tone.
- transitive v. To give tone, or a particular tone, to; to tune. See Tune, v. t.
- transitive v. To bring, as a print, to a certain required shade of color, as by chemical treatment.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In philology, a distinctive quality or pitch forming in some languages a fixed feature of the pronunciation of words, as in Chinese, Swedish, etc.
- n. In telephonic testing, the humming noise produced by the introduction of an alternating or rapidly alternating current into the line
- In printing, to grade or soften with a graver, or roulette, or by etching certain parts (especially the edges) of (an illustration, usually an electrotype), as an aid in reducing the quantity of ink caused by pressure in printing.
- n. Any sound considered with reference to its acuteness or gravity (pitch), openness, dullness, purity, sweetness, harshness, or the like (quality or timbre), or loudness or softness (strength or volume).
- n. Specifically In musical acoustics, a sound having definiteness and continuity enough so that its pitch, force, and quality may be readily estimated by the ear, and so that it may be employed in musical relations; musical sound: opposed to noise. See sound.
- n. Modulation, inflection, or accent of the voice, as adapted to express sentiment, emotion, or passion.
- n. An affected or artificial style of intonation in speaking or reading; a sing-song or measured rhythmical manner of speaking.
- n. In music, one of the larger intervals of a diatonic series or scale; a whole step or “whole tone” as distinguished from a half-step or semitone.
- n. In Gregorian music, a melody or tune traditionally associated with a particular text; an ancient psalm-tune. See chant .
- n. In medicine, the state of tension or firmness proper to the tissues of the body; the state in which all the parts and organs have due tension or are well strung; the strength and activity of the organs on which healthy functions depend; hence, that state of the body in which all the animal functions are performed with healthy vigor. See tonicity.
- n. State or temper of mind; mood.
- n. Tenor; spirit; strain; quality; specifically, the general or prevailing character or style, as of morals, manners, or sentiments, especially a marked degree of such style.
- n. In painting, the prevailing effect of color, or the general effect produced by the management of light and shade in a picture: as, dark, light, or silvery tone.
- n. A quality of color; a tint; a shade.
- n. In chromatics, see the first quotation.
- n. In photography, the color of a finished positive picture, in many processes due to a chemical operation supplementary to those of producing and fixing the picture: as, a print of a brown, gray, or black tone; also, sometimes, the color of the film of a negative, etc.
- n. In grammar, syllabic accent; stress of voice on one of the syllables of a word.
- n. In playing on musical instruments of the stringed and brass wind groups, a tone produced from an open string or without the use of valves or other modifiers of the pitch. Opposed to stopped tone.
- n. Synonyms Noise, etc. See sound.
- To tune. See tune.
- To utter in an affected or drawling tone.
- To give tone or quality to, in respect either to sound or to color or tint.
- In photography, to alter the color, as of a picture in finishing it, to give it greater brilliancy or a more agreeable tint.
- To give a more subdued tone to; reduce or moderate the characteristic opinions or expressions of; render less confident, pronounced, or decided; soften.
- To take on a particular tone; specifically, to assume color or tint.
- To harmonize in tone, color, or tint.
- One: originally and usually preceded by the, and usually followed by the tother. See etymology. Compare tother.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)
- n. a musical interval of two semitones
- n. the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
- n. the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
- n. a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound
- v. change to a color image
- n. the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli
- n. the quality of a person's voice
- n. a quality of a given color that differs slightly from another color
- v. utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically
- v. vary the pitch of one's speech
- n. (linguistics) a pitch or change in pitch of the voice that serves to distinguish words in tonal languages
- n. a steady sound without overtones
- v. change the color or tone of
- v. give a healthy elasticity to
Because the tone can be heard on pairs other than the one you put it on, when tone or tone+ are inappropriate.
_Leading tone_ -- the tone which demands resolution to the tonic (one-half step above it).
There is no particular basis for this theory, for although all scales must of course begin with the key-tone or tonic, this tonic may be referred to by any syllable which will serve as a basis for an association process enabling one to feel the force of the tone as a closing point -- a _home tone_.
Many teachers are replacing the word _chromatic_ in this sense with the term _intermediate tone_, this term being applicable whether the foreign tone is actually used for ornamental purposes as a _chromatic_, or to effect a modulation.
It's all tone with Chopin -- _tone_, my child, even in the most bravura passages.
-- The most natural and characteristic indication of a cadence is the _longer tone_, seen in the examples to which reference has just been made; for a tone of greater length than its fellows is, in itself, the most conclusive evidence of a point of repose, as compared with the shorter tones in the course of the sentence, whose more prompt succession indicates the action of the phrase.
This shows that _for every tone an air column of a certain size most powerfully reinforces that tone_.
Therefore, instead of producing tone by local effort, by conscious muscular action of any sort, correctly _think the tone_, correctly shape and color it _mentally_.
Just so, we talk of _tone_ in coloring, and of a _heavy_ or _light_ sound; though, of course, in their proper significance, tone belongs only to sound, and heaviness to gravitating bodies.
_tan_ we have in Greek _tonos_, our tone, _tone_ being produced by the stretching and vibrating of cords.