Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A tendon.
  • noun Vigorous strength; muscular power.
  • noun The source or mainstay of vitality and strength.
  • transitive verb To strengthen with or as if with sinews.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A cord or tendon of the body. See tendon.
  • noun A nerve. Compare aponeurosis.
  • noun Hence Figuratively, muscle; nerve; nervous energy; strength.
  • noun A string or chord, as of a musical instrument.
  • noun That which gives strength or in which strength consists; a supporting member or factor; a mainstay.
  • To furnish with sinews; strengthen as by sinews; make robust; harden; steel.
  • To serve as sinews of; be the support or mainstay of.
  • To knit or bind strongly; join firmly.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Anat.) A tendon or tendonous tissue. See Tendon.
  • noun rare Muscle; nerve.
  • noun Fig.: That which supplies strength or power.
  • transitive verb To knit together, or make strong with, or as with, sinews.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun anatomy A cord or tendon of the body.
  • noun obsolete A nerve.
  • noun figuratively Muscle; nerve; nervous energy; vigor; vigorous strength; muscular power.
  • noun A string or chord, as of a musical instrument.
  • noun figuratively That which gives strength or in which strength consists; a supporting member or factor; mainstay; source of acquiring strength (often plural).
  • verb To knit together, or make strong with, or as if with, sinews.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment
  • noun possessing muscular strength

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English sinewe, from Old English sinewe, oblique form of seonu, sinu.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English sinewe, synow, sinue, from Old English sinu, synu, senu, seono, seonu ("sinew, nerve, tendon"), from Proto-Germanic *sinwō, *senawō (“sinew”), from Proto-Indo-European *senew-, *snēw- (“tendon”), from Proto-Indo-European *sey- (“to bind, knit, tie together, tie to, connect”). Cognate with Scots senon, sinnon, sinnow ("sinew"), Saterland Frisian Siene ("sinew"), West Frisian senuw, sine ("nerve, sinew"), Dutch zenuw ("nerve, sinew"), German Sehne ("tendon, cord, sinew"), Swedish sena ("sinew"), Icelandic sin ("tendon"), Latin nervus ("sinew, nerve, tendon"), Ancient Greek νεῦρον (neũron, "tendon, cord, nerve"), Avestan  (snāvar-, "tendon, sinew"), Sanskrit  (snāvan-, snāván-, "tendon, muscle, sinew"), Tocharian B ṣñor.

Examples

Comments

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  • "I see in him outrageous strength, with an inscrutable malice sinewing it."

    - Melville, Moby-Dick, ch. 36

    July 25, 2008