Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The dense, semirigid, porous, calcified connective tissue forming the major portion of the skeleton of most vertebrates. It consists of a dense organic matrix and an inorganic, mineral component.
  • noun Any of numerous anatomically distinct structures making up the skeleton of a vertebrate animal. There are more than 200 different bones in the human body.
  • noun A piece of bone.
  • noun The skeleton.
  • noun The body.
  • noun Mortal remains.
  • noun An animal structure or material, such as ivory, resembling bone.
  • noun Something made of bone or of material resembling bone, especially.
  • noun A piece of whalebone or similar material used as a corset stay.
  • noun Informal Dice.
  • noun The fundamental plan or design, as of the plot of a book.
  • noun Flat clappers made of bone or wood originally used by the end man in a minstrel show.
  • noun The end man in a minstrel show.
  • noun Vulgar Slang The penis.
  • intransitive verb To remove the bones from.
  • intransitive verb To stiffen (a piece of clothing) with stays, as of whalebone.
  • intransitive verb Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse with. Used especially of a man.
  • intransitive verb Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse.
  • idiom (bone of contention) The subject of a dispute.
  • idiom (bone to pick) Grounds for a complaint or dispute.
  • idiom (in (one's) bones) In one's innermost feelings.
  • idiom (to the bone) To an extreme degree.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To take the level of (a piece of land, a wall, carpentry-work, and the like) by means of an instrument. See boning.
  • To ‘hold up’ with a demand or importunate request for something, as for a small loan: as, to bone one for a ‘fiver.’
  • To take out the bones of: as, to bone a turkey, a ham, etc.
  • To put whalebone into.
  • To manure with bone-dust.
  • To seize; make off with, as a dog makes off with a bone; get possession of; appropriate; steal.
  • To apply one's self diligently; set one's self determinedly to work: as, to bone down to hard work; he boned hard.
  • A Middle English form of boon.
  • noun In card-playing, a chip of the smallest value.
  • noun A piece of horn or wood-fiber inserted in the sole of a wooden golf-club to prevent injury to the face of the club at the bottom.
  • noun The midrib of a leaf, especially that of a sugar-cane leaf or the large midrib of a palmleaf.
  • noun An animal tissue, consisting of branching cells lying in an intercellular substance made hard with earthy salts (consisting of calcium phosphate with small amounts of calcium carbonate and magnesium phosphate, etc.), and forming the substance of the skeleton or hard framework of the body of most vertebrate animals.
  • noun One of the parts which make up the skeleton or framework of vertebrate animals: as, a bone of the leg or head.
  • noun plural The bones of the body taken collectively; the skeleton; hence, the bodily frame; a body.
  • noun plural Mortal remains: the skeleton or bony structure being the most permanent part of a dead body.
  • noun The internal shell of cuttlefishes of the family Sepiidœ, having the consistency of bone. Generally called cuttle-bone or cuttlefish-bone.
  • noun Something made of bone, or of a substance resembling bone, as ivory, whalebone, etc.
  • noun plural A person who performs with the bones.
  • noun Half of the stake in the game of bone-ace (which see).
  • noun In coal-mining, slaty or clayey portions or partings in coal.
  • noun See the adjectives.
  • noun See the adjectives.
  • noun See the adjectives.
  • noun A Middle English form of boon.

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English bon, from Old English bān.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English bon, from Old English bān ("bone, tusk; the bone of a limb"), from Proto-Germanic *bainan (“bone”), from Proto-Germanic *bainaz (“straight”), from Proto-Indo-European *bhey- (“to hit, strike, beat”). Cognate with Scots bane, been, bean, bein, bain ("bone"), North Frisian bien ("bone"), West Frisian bien ("bone"), Dutch been ("bone; leg"), Low German Been, Bein ("bone"), German Bein ("leg"), German Gebein ("bones"), Swedish ben ("bone; leg"), Icelandic bein ("bone"), Breton benañ ("to cut, hew"), Latin perfinēs ("break through, break into pieces, shatter"), Avestan byente ("they fight, hit"). Related also to Old Norse beinn ("straight, right, favourable, advantageous, convenient, friendly, fair, keen") (from whence Middle English bain, bayne, bayn, beyn ("direct, prompt"), Scots bein, bien ("in good condition, pleasant, well-to-do, cosy, well-stocked, pleasant, keen")), Icelandic beinn ("straight, direct, hospitable"), Norwegian bein ("straight, direct, easy to deal with"). See bain, bein.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Origin unknown; probably related in some way to Etymology 1, above.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

French bornoyer to look at with one eye, to sight, from borgne one-eyed.

Examples

  • Or we read in the 37th chapter of the _Book of Ezekiel_ of that weird valley that was full of bones -- "_and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together bone to bone_," surely one of the most wonderful visions of the imagination in all literature.

    Vanishing Roads and Other Essays

  • The mode of opening one of her chapters, "I always bone my meat" (_bone_ being the slang word of the day for steal), occasioned much merriment among her friends, and such a look of ludicrous surprise and reprobation from Liston, when he read it, as I still remember.

    Records of a Girlhood

  • VD deficiency reduction of intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate Hypocalcemia Parathyroid hormone hyperfunction hypofunction Excretion of urinary P↑ decalcification of mobilization of bone old bone↑ Calcium into blood Serum p ↓ Ca normal or slightly↓ Ca X p↓

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  • _innominate_, as anatomists name a certain bone the _innominate bone_, and a certain artery the _innominate artery_.

    Moral Philosophy

  • The term "bone bruise" may sound particularly ominous to the Mets, who saw Carlos Beltran suffer bone bruises in his right knee in 2009.

    Injury Deprives Mets of Their Most Productive Hitter

  • Because the new method is becoming increasingly prevalent, the term "bone marrow transplant" may soon fade away, the judges said.

    ABC News: Top Stories

  • In 2002, Sheffield entered into a contract with P&G to collect Actonel data – the purpose of which was to determine how the drug prevented bone fractures, and how this related to change in bone resorption (the rate at which bone is removed) and bone mineral density.

    Medpundit

  • In 2002, Sheffield entered into a contract with P&G to collect Actonel data – the purpose of which was to determine how the drug prevented bone fractures, and how this related to change in bone resorption (the rate at which bone is removed) and bone mineral density.

    Archive 2006-03-01

  • It doesn't always do with that kind, for 'what's bred in bone is mighty apt to come out in flesh,' if 'taint kept down pretty well.

    Kilmeny of the Orchard

  • By convention, the terms \'aseptic\ 'or \'avascular\' necrosis have been applied to areas of juxtaarticular involvement and the term bone infarct is usually applied to metaphyseal or diaphyseal involvement.

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