from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The dense, semirigid, porous, calcified connective tissue forming the major portion of the skeleton of most vertebrates. It consists of a dense organic matrix and an inorganic, mineral component.
  • n. Any of numerous anatomically distinct structures making up the skeleton of a vertebrate animal. There are more than 200 different bones in the human body.
  • n. A piece of bone.
  • n. The skeleton.
  • n. The body.
  • n. Mortal remains.
  • n. An animal structure or material, such as ivory, resembling bone.
  • n. Something made of bone or of material resembling bone, especially:
  • n. A piece of whalebone or similar material used as a corset stay.
  • n. Informal Dice.
  • n. The fundamental plan or design, as of the plot of a book.
  • n. Flat clappers made of bone or wood originally used by the end man in a minstrel show.
  • n. The end man in a minstrel show.
  • transitive v. To remove the bones from.
  • transitive v. To stiffen (a piece of clothing) with stays, as of whalebone.
  • bone up Informal To study intensely, usually at the last minute: boned up for the final exam.
  • idiom bone of contention The subject of a dispute.
  • idiom bone to pick Grounds for a complaint or dispute.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A composite material consisting largely of calcium phosphate and collagen and making up the skeleton of most vertebrates.
  • n. Any of the components of an endoskeleton, made of bone.
  • n. A bone of a fish; a fishbone
  • n. One of the rigid parts of a corset that forms its frame, the boning, originally made of whalebone.
  • n. An off-white colour, like the colour of bone.
  • n. A dollar.
  • n. An erect penis; a boner.
  • n. Dominoes or dice.
  • n. shortened form of trombone
  • adj. Of an off-white colour, like the colour of bone.
  • v. To prepare (meat, etc) by removing the bone or bones from.
  • v. To furnish with bone.
  • v. To make level, using a particular procedure; to survey a level line.
  • v. To have sexual intercourse with.
  • v. (in Aboriginal culture) To perform "bone pointing", a ritual that is intended to bring illness or even death to the victim.
  • v. To study.
  • v. To polish boots to a shiny finish.
  • v. To apprehend, steal.
  • v. To sight along an object or set of objects to check whether they are level or in line.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely of calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, and gelatine.
  • n. One of the pieces or parts of an animal skeleton; ; also, any fragment of bony substance. (pl.) The frame or skeleton of the body.
  • n. Anything made of bone, as a bobbin for weaving bone lace.
  • n. Two or four pieces of bone held between the fingers and struck together to make a kind of music.
  • n. Dice.
  • n. Whalebone; hence, a piece of whalebone or of steel for a corset.
  • n. Fig.: The framework of anything.
  • transitive v. To withdraw bones from the flesh of, as in cookery.
  • transitive v. To put whalebone into.
  • transitive v. To fertilize with bone.
  • transitive v. To steal; to take possession of.
  • transitive v. To sight along an object or set of objects, to see if it or they be level or in line, as in carpentry, masonry, and surveying.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To take out the bones of: as, to bone a turkey, a ham, etc.
  • To put whalebone into.
  • To manure with bone-dust.
  • To seize; make off with, as a dog makes off with a bone; get possession of; appropriate; steal.
  • To apply one's self diligently; set one's self determinedly to work: as, to bone down to hard work; he boned hard.
  • To take the level of (a piece of land, a wall, carpentry-work, and the like) by means of an instrument. See boning.
  • A Middle English form of boon.
  • To ‘hold up’ with a demand or importunate request for something, as for a small loan: as, to bone one for a ‘fiver.’
  • n. An animal tissue, consisting of branching cells lying in an intercellular substance made hard with earthy salts (consisting of calcium phosphate with small amounts of calcium carbonate and magnesium phosphate, etc.), and forming the substance of the skeleton or hard framework of the body of most vertebrate animals.
  • n. One of the parts which make up the skeleton or framework of vertebrate animals: as, a bone of the leg or head.
  • n. plural The bones of the body taken collectively; the skeleton; hence, the bodily frame; a body.
  • n. plural Mortal remains: the skeleton or bony structure being the most permanent part of a dead body.
  • n. The internal shell of cuttlefishes of the family Sepiidœ, having the consistency of bone. Generally called cuttle-bone or cuttlefish-bone.
  • n. Something made of bone, or of a substance resembling bone, as ivory, whalebone, etc.
  • n. plural A person who performs with the bones.
  • n. Half of the stake in the game of bone-ace (which see).
  • n. In coal-mining, slaty or clayey portions or partings in coal.
  • n. See the adjectives.
  • n. See the adjectives.
  • n. See the adjectives.
  • n. A Middle English form of boon.
  • n. In card-playing, a chip of the smallest value.
  • n. A piece of horn or wood-fiber inserted in the sole of a wooden golf-club to prevent injury to the face of the club at the bottom.
  • n. The midrib of a leaf, especially that of a sugar-cane leaf or the large midrib of a palmleaf.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. study intensively, as before an exam
  • adj. consisting of or made up of bone
  • n. rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates
  • v. remove the bones from
  • n. the porous calcified substance from which bones are made
  • n. a shade of white the color of bleached bones


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English bon, from Old English bān.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English bon, from Old English bān ("bone, tusk; the bone of a limb"), from Proto-Germanic *bainan (“bone”), from Proto-Germanic *bainaz (“straight”), from Proto-Indo-European *bhey- (“to hit, strike, beat”). Cognate with Scots bane, been, bean, bein, bain ("bone"), North Frisian bien ("bone"), West Frisian bien ("bone"), Dutch been ("bone; leg"), Low German Been, Bein ("bone"), German Bein ("leg"), German Gebein ("bones"), Swedish ben ("bone; leg"), Icelandic bein ("bone"), Breton benañ ("to cut, hew"), Latin perfinēs ("break through, break into pieces, shatter"), Avestan byente ("they fight, hit"). Related also to Old Norse beinn ("straight, right, favourable, advantageous, convenient, friendly, fair, keen") (from whence Middle English bain, bayne, bayn, beyn ("direct, prompt"), Scots bein, bien ("in good condition, pleasant, well-to-do, cosy, well-stocked, pleasant, keen")), Icelandic beinn ("straight, direct, hospitable"), Norwegian bein ("straight, direct, easy to deal with"). See bain, bein.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Origin unknown; probably related in some way to Etymology 1, above.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

French bornoyer to look at with one eye, to sight, from borgne one-eyed.


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  • VD deficiency reduction of intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate Hypocalcemia Parathyroid hormone hyperfunction hypofunction Excretion of urinary P↑ decalcification of mobilization of bone old bone↑ Calcium into blood Serum p ↓ Ca normal or slightly↓ Ca X p↓

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