Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or process of studying.
  • n. The pursuit of knowledge, as by reading, observation, or research.
  • n. Attentive scrutiny.
  • n. A branch of knowledge.
  • n. A branch or department of learning: graduate studies.
  • n. A work, such as a thesis, that results from studious endeavor.
  • n. A literary work on a particular subject.
  • n. A preliminary sketch, as for a work of art or literature.
  • n. Music A composition intended as a technical exercise.
  • n. A state of mental absorption: She is in a deep study.
  • n. A room intended or equipped for studying or writing.
  • n. One who memorizes something, especially a performer who memorizes a part: He is a quick study.
  • transitive v. To apply one's mind purposefully to the acquisition of knowledge or understanding of (a subject).
  • transitive v. To read carefully.
  • transitive v. To memorize.
  • transitive v. To take (a course) at a school.
  • transitive v. To inquire into; investigate.
  • transitive v. To examine closely; scrutinize.
  • transitive v. To give careful thought to; contemplate: study the next move.
  • intransitive v. To apply oneself to learning, especially by reading.
  • intransitive v. To pursue a course of study.
  • intransitive v. To ponder; reflect.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To revise materials already learned in order to make sure one does not forget them, usually in preparation for an examination.
  • v. To take a course or courses on a subject.
  • v. To acquire knowledge on a subject.
  • v. To look at minutely.
  • n. A state of mental perplexity or worried thought.
  • n. Thought, as directed to a specific purpose; one's concern.
  • n. Mental effort to acquire knowledge or learning.
  • n. The act of studying; examination.
  • n. A room in a house intended for reading and writing; traditionally the private room of the male head of household.
  • n. An artwork made in order to practise or demonstrate a subject or technique.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, arts, or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of acquiring knowledge.
  • n. Mental occupation; absorbed or thoughtful attention; meditation; contemplation.
  • n. Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
  • n. A building or apartment devoted to study or to literary work.
  • n. A representation or rendering of any object or scene intended, not for exhibition as an original work of art, but for the information, instruction, or assistance of the maker.
  • n. A piece for special practice. See Etude.
  • intransitive v. To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.
  • intransitive v. To apply the mind to books or learning.
  • intransitive v. To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.
  • transitive v. To apply the mind to; to read and examine for the purpose of learning and understanding.
  • transitive v. To consider attentively; to examine closely.
  • transitive v. To form or arrange by previous thought; to con over, as in committing to memory.
  • transitive v. To make an object of study; to aim at sedulously; to devote one's thoughts to.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Eagerness; earnestness; zeal.
  • n. Zealous endeavor; studied effort, aim, or purpose; deliberate contrivance or intention.
  • n. The mental effort of understanding, appreciating, and assimilating anything, especially a book; the earnest and protracted examination of a question, by reflection, collection and scrutiny of evidence, and otherwise; the pursuit of learning.
  • n. An exercise in learning or the pursuit of knowledge; an act or course of intellectual acquisition, as by memorizing words, facts, or principles: as, the actor's study was very rapid; also, an effort to gain an understanding of something; a particular course of learning, inquiry, or investigation: as, to pursue the study of physics or of a language; to make a study of trade, of a case at law, or of a man's life or character.
  • n. That which is studied or to be studied; a branch of learning; a subject of acquired or desired knowledge; a matter for investigation or meditation.
  • n. A state of mental inquiry or cogitation; debate or counsel with one's self; deep meditation; a muse; a quandary.
  • n. Theat., one who studies or learns; a studier; specifically, a memorizer of a part for the theater; an actor as a memorizer.
  • n. In music, a composition, usually instrumental, having something of the instructive and gymnastic purpose of an exercise combined with a certain amount of artistic value; an étude.
  • n. Something done as an exercise in learning, or in special study or observation; specifically, in art, a sketch or performance executed as an educational exercise, as a memorandum or record of observations or effects, or as a guide for a finished production: as, the story is a study of morbid passion; a study of a head for a painting.
  • n. A room in a dwelling-house or other building set apart for private study, reading, writing, or any similar occupation; by extension, the private room or office of the master of a house, however it may be used.
  • n. Synonyms Research, inquiry, investigation.
  • n. Reflection.
  • To exercise the mind in learning; apply one's self to the acquisition of knowledge; acquire knowledge and mental training, as by memorizing words, facts, or principles.
  • To exercise the mind in considering or contriving; deliberate upon or about something; ponder.
  • To muse; meditate; cogitate; reflect; revolve thoughts or ideas: used absolutely.
  • To endeavor studiously or thoughtfully; use studied or careful efforts; be diligent or zealous; plan; contrive: as, to study for peace or for the general good.
  • To prosecute a regular course of study, as that prescribed to prepare one for the exercise of a profession: as, to study for the bar, or for the church or ministry.
  • To seek to learn by memorizing the facts, principles, or words of; apply the mind to learning; store in the memory, either generally or verbatim: as, to study a book, a language, history, etc.; to study a part in a play or a piece for recitation.
  • To seek to ascertain or to learn the particulars of, as by observation or inquiry; make a study of; inquire into; investigate: as, to study a man's character or the customs of society; to study the geology of a region, or a case of disease.
  • To consider in detail; deliberate upon; think out: as, to study the best way of doing something; to study a discourse or a compliment.
  • To regard attentively or discriminatingly; consider as to requirements, character, quality, use, effect, or the like; pay distinguishing attention to: as, to study one's own interests; to study the effect of one's actions; to study a person; to study a drapery or a model in art.
  • To look at musingly, as in a brown study.
  • To apply the mind to learning (a specific science or branch of science), especially with the object of preparing for the exercise of a profession: as, the one is studying medicine, the other theology.
  • To subject to study; carry through a course of learning; educate; instruct.
  • To think out deliberately; arrange definitely in the mind; determine the details of: as, I have studied out a plan; to study out a set of rules.
  • To seek or get a knowledge of by observation or consideration; observe or reflect upon critically; make up one's mind about: as, to study up a person or a man's character; to study up arguments or reasons.
  • Synonyms To scrutinize, search into.
  • To reflect upon, meditate, ponder.
  • To contemplate.
  • n. Another spelling of stiddy, a variant of stithy.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. give careful consideration to
  • n. a branch of knowledge
  • v. be a student of a certain subject
  • v. learn by reading books
  • v. consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
  • n. a written document describing the findings of some individual or group
  • n. a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique
  • n. someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play)
  • n. preliminary drawing for later elaboration
  • n. attentive consideration and meditation
  • n. a detailed critical inspection
  • v. think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes
  • n. a room used for reading and writing and studying
  • n. applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading)
  • v. be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning
  • n. a state of deep mental absorption

Etymologies

Middle English studie, from Old French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre, to study.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English studie, from Old French estudier (Modern French étudier), from Latin studium. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Games are better than sex: study p2pnet news view | Games:- One in three British PS3 owners would rather play a game than have sex, says a new ’study’.

    Games are better than sex: study

  • Dr. William Barbaresi, a Mayo Clinic pediatrician and lead author of the research, said the study is the first population-based, long-term study to examine the effects of prescribed ADHD stimulant medicine on school performance.

    Study: ADHD Meds May Help Kids in School | Impact Lab

  • In its editorial, a mention of a study done published on the web about a year ago, and I am using the term study loosely, which looked at the number of stories published by SF magazines with male editors and those with female editors and concluded that there was no real difference and that, therefore, the reason women are not getting published in SF in equal numbers to men is not gender bias.

    Archive 2009-03-01

  • On the whole, then, the term study as here used has largely the meaning that is given to it in ordinary speech.

    How to Study and Teaching How to Study

  • This study is the first in the United States to quantify the relative importance of and the utility associated with the main attributes of retail clinics.

    Coyote Blog » Blog Archive » The Oft-Missed Component When Evaluating European Socialized Health Care

  • As important as genetics and upbringing are, one of the most encouraging things about this study is the changing influence of experience over time.

    Richard Barrington: How Nature Vs. Nurture Impact Your Spending Habits

  • "With comprehensive chapters on alpha girls at work, in love and in the family, this study is a must-have for anyone looking to understand the upcoming generation's driven, confident and successful females."

    Alpha Girls by Dan Kindlon: Book summary

  • A key feature of the study is a molecular analysis that determines whether the participants 'tumors are positive or negative for estrogen, progesterone and the Her2 protein — the basis for putting patients in one of 10 biomarker categories.

    A New Rx for Medicine

  • This study is the longest running and largest of its kind and it set out to understand in this very broad way what health and well-being is.

    “I Haven’t Been Unhappy in My Life”

  • This study is a Phase 2b, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, efficacy and safety study, designed to document the clinical benefit of PTC124 when administered as therapy of patients with DMD/BMD due to a nonsense mutation (premature stop codon) in the dystrophin gene.

    Neuromuscular Disorder Research Studies, Clinical Trials

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