Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • intransitive verb To exert much effort or energy; endeavor.
  • intransitive verb To struggle or fight forcefully; contend.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A striving; an effort; a strife.
  • To make strenuous effort; endeavor earnestly; labor hard; do one's endeavor; try earnestly and persistently: followed by an infinitive: as, he strove hard to win the prize; to strive to excel; to strive to pay one's way.
  • To contend; straggle; battle; fight: followed by with, against, or for: as, to strive against fate; to strive for the truth.
  • To vie; contend for preëminence: with with.
  • To quarrel or contend with one another; be at variance one with another, or come to be so; be in contention, dispute, or altercation.
  • To oppose by contrariety of qualities: with with.
  • Synonyms Undertake, Endeavor, etc.(see attempt); seek, aim, toil.
  • To compete, contest.
  • To dispute, wrangle.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun rare An effort; a striving.
  • noun obsolete Strife; contention.
  • intransitive verb To make efforts; to use exertions; to endeavor with earnestness; to labor hard.
  • intransitive verb To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest; -- followed by against or with before the person or thing opposed.
  • intransitive verb To vie; to compete; to be a rival.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb To try to achieve a result; to make strenuous effort; to try earnestly and persistently.
  • verb To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest.
  • noun obsolete An effort; a striving.
  • noun obsolete strife; contention

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb attempt by employing effort
  • verb to exert much effort or energy

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English striven, from Old French estriver, from estrit, estrif, quarrel; see strife.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Middle English striven "to strive" from Old French estriver "to compete, quarrel" from Old French estrif "quarrel, dispute", alteration (influenced by Germanic forms related to Frankish *strīban "to strive", compare Middle Dutch streven "to strive", German streben "to strive") of Old French estrit, from Frankish *strīd "quarrel, dispute" from Proto-Germanic *strīdō (“combat, strife”). Akin to Old High German strīt "quarrel" (German Streit), Old High German strītan "to fight", Old Norse strīð "strife, contention". More at stride.

Examples

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