Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. Physiology To convert (food) into simpler chemical compounds that can be absorbed and assimilated by the body, as by chemical and muscular action in the alimentary canal.
  • transitive v. To absorb or assimilate mentally.
  • transitive v. To organize into a systematic arrangement, usually by summarizing or classifying.
  • transitive v. To condense or abridge (a written work).
  • transitive v. To endure or bear patiently.
  • transitive v. Chemistry To soften or disintegrate by means of chemical action, heat, or moisture.
  • intransitive v. Physiology To become assimilated into the body.
  • intransitive v. Physiology To assimilate food substances.
  • intransitive v. Chemistry To undergo exposure to heat, liquids, or chemical agents.
  • n. A collection of previously published material, such as articles, essays, or reports, usually in edited or condensed form.
  • n. Law A systematic arrangement of statutes or court decisions.
  • n. A periodical containing literary abridgments or other condensed works.
  • n. See pandect.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To distribute or arrange methodically; to work over and classify; to reduce to portions for ready use or application.
  • v. To separate (the food) in its passage through the alimentary canal into the nutritive and nonnutritive elements; to prepare, by the action of the digestive juices, for conversion into blood; to convert into chyme.
  • v. To think over and arrange methodically in the mind; to reduce to a plan or method; to receive in the mind and consider carefully; to get an understanding of; to comprehend.
  • v. To soften by heat and moisture; to expose to a gentle heat in a boiler or matrass, as a preparation for chemical operations.
  • v. To undergo digestion; as, food digests well or ill.
  • n. That which is digested; especially, that which is worked over, classified, and arranged under proper heads or titles
  • n. A compilation of statutes or decisions analytically arranged; a summary of laws.
  • n. Any collection of articles, as an Internet mailing list "digest" including a week's postings, or a magazine arranging a collection of writings.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To distribute or arrange methodically; to work over and classify; to reduce to portions for ready use or application
  • transitive v. To separate (the food) in its passage through the alimentary canal into the nutritive and nonnutritive elements; to prepare, by the action of the digestive juices, for conversion into blood; to convert into chyme.
  • transitive v. To think over and arrange methodically in the mind; to reduce to a plan or method; to receive in the mind and consider carefully; to get an understanding of; to comprehend.
  • transitive v. To appropriate for strengthening and comfort.
  • transitive v. Hence: To bear comfortably or patiently; to be reconciled to; to brook.
  • transitive v. To soften by heat and moisture; to expose to a gentle heat in a boiler or matrass, as a preparation for chemical operations.
  • transitive v. To dispose to suppurate, or generate healthy pus, as an ulcer or wound.
  • transitive v. To ripen; to mature.
  • transitive v. To quiet or abate, as anger or grief.
  • intransitive v. To undergo digestion.
  • intransitive v. To suppurate; to generate pus, as an ulcer.
  • n. That which is digested; especially, that which is worked over, classified, and arranged under proper heads or titles.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To divide; separate.
  • To analyze and distribute into suitable classes, or under proper heads or titles, usually with condensation, so as to state results in concise form; arrange in convenient order; dispose methodically.
  • To draw up in order; arrange.
  • To arrange methodically in the mind; think out with due arrangement of parts; ponder; settle in one's mind: as, to digest a plan or scheme.
  • To prepare for assimilation, as food, by the physiological process of digestion: applied also by extension to the action of certain insectivorous plants.
  • Hence —
  • To assimilate mentally; obtain mental nourishment or improvement from by thorough comprehension: as, to digest a book or a discourse.
  • To bear with patience or with an effort; brook; receive without resentment; put up with; endure: as, to digest an insult.
  • In chem., to soften and prepare by heat; expose to a gentle heat in a boiler or matrass, as a preparation for operations.
  • To dissolve and prepare for manure, as plants and other substances.
  • 10. In medicine, to dispose to suppurate, as an ulcer or a wound.—
  • To mature; ripen.
  • Synonyms
  • To classify, codify, systematize, methodize, reduce to order.
  • To study out, meditate, ponder, work upon.
  • To carry on the physiological process of digestion.
  • To undergo digestion, as food.
  • To be prepared by heat.
  • To suppurate; generate pus, as an ulcer or a wound.
  • To dissolve and be prepared for manure, as substances in compost.
  • n. A collection, compilation, abridgment, or summary of literary, legal, scientific, or historical matter, arranged in some convenient order.
  • n. Specifically [capitalized] The collection or body of Roman laws prepared by order of the emperor Justinian. See pandect.
  • n. In law, a compilation of concise statements, summaries, or analyses of statutes or of reported cases, or of both, arranged in alphabetical order of subjects, usually with analytic subdivisions, so as to form a systematic compend of the authorities represented in the collection.
  • n. Synonyms Compendium, Compend, etc. See abridgment.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. systematize, as by classifying and summarizing
  • n. something that is compiled (as into a single book or file)
  • n. a periodical that summarizes the news
  • v. become assimilated into the body
  • v. make more concise
  • v. put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • v. soften or disintegrate, as by undergoing exposure to heat or moisture
  • v. arrange and integrate in the mind
  • v. convert food into absorbable substances
  • v. soften or disintegrate by means of chemical action, heat, or moisture

Etymologies

Middle English digesten, from Latin dīgerere, dīgest-, to separate, arrange : dī-, dis-, apart; see dis- + gerere, to carry. N., from Latin dīgesta, neuter pl. of dīgestus, past participle of dīgerere, to separate.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English digesten, from Latin digestus, past participle of dīgero ("carry apart"), from di- for dis- ("apart") + gero ("I carry"), influenced by Middle French digestion (Wiktionary)
From Latin digesta, neuter plural of digestus, past participle of digero ("separate") (Wiktionary)

Examples

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