from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To carry on through, despite hardships; undergo: endure an Arctic winter.
  • transitive v. To bear with tolerance: "We seek the truth, and will endure the consequences” ( Charles Seymour). See Synonyms at bear1.
  • intransitive v. To continue in existence; last: buildings that have endured for centuries.
  • intransitive v. To suffer patiently without yielding.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To continue or carry on, despite obstacles or hardships.
  • v. To tolerate or put up with something unpleasant.
  • v. To last.
  • v. To suffer patiently.
  • v. To indurate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To continue in the same state without perishing; to last; to remain.
  • intransitive v. To remain firm, as under trial or suffering; to suffer patiently or without yielding; to bear up under adversity; to hold out.
  • transitive v. To remain firm under; to sustain; to undergo; to support without breaking or yielding
  • transitive v. To bear with patience; to suffer without opposition or without sinking under the pressure or affliction; to bear up under; to put up with; to tolerate.
  • transitive v. To harden; to toughen; to make hardy.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To make hard; harden; inure.
  • To preserve; keep.
  • To last or hold out against; sustain without impairment or yielding; support without breaking or giving way.
  • To bear with patience; bear up under without sinking or yielding, or without murmuring or opposition; put up with.
  • To undergo; suffer; sustain.
  • To continue or remain in; abide in.
  • Synonyms To brook, submit to, abide, tolerate, take patiently.
  • To become hard; harden.
  • To hold out; support adverse force or influence of any kind; suffer without yielding.
  • To continue; remain; abide.
  • To continue to exist; continue or remain in the same state without perishing; last; persist.
  • Synonyms To last, remain, continue, abide, bear, suffer, hold out.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. face and withstand with courage
  • v. last and be usable
  • v. continue to live through hardship or adversity
  • v. continue to exist
  • v. put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • v. persist for a specified period of time
  • v. undergo or be subjected to


Middle English enduren, from Old French endurer, from Latin indūrāre, to make hard : in-, against, into; see en-1 + dūrus, hard; see deru- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English enduren, from Old French endurer, from Latin indūrō ("to make hard"). Displaced Old English drēogan, which survives dialectally as dree. (Wiktionary)



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