from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Being, coming, or placed after all others; final: the last game of the season.
  • adj. Being the only one left: his last nickel; as a last resort.
  • adj. Just past; most recent: last year; the last time I checked.
  • adj. Most up-to-date; newest: the last thing in swimwear.
  • adj. Highest in extent or degree; utmost: to the last measure of human endurance.
  • adj. Most valid, authoritative, or conclusive: The arbiter will have the last say in resolving this dispute.
  • adj. Least likely or expected: the last person we would have suspected.
  • adj. The least desirable or suitable: the last man for the job.
  • adj. Being the latest possible: waited until the last second before boarding the train.
  • adj. Lowest in rank or importance: last prize; last place.
  • adj. Used as an intensive: Every last dollar was donated to charity.
  • adj. Of or relating to a terminal period or stage, as of life: the last days of the dinosaurs.
  • adj. Administered just before death: the last sacraments.
  • adv. After all others in chronology or sequence: arrived last.
  • adv. Most recently: a fashion last popular in the 1940s.
  • adv. At the end; finally: Add the butter last.
  • n. One that is at the end or last: the last to be chosen; on every page but the last.
  • n. The end: held out until the last.
  • n. The final mention or appearance: haven't seen the last of our troubles.
  • idiom at last After a considerable length of time; finally.
  • idiom at long last After a lengthy or troublesome wait or delay: At long last the winter was over.
  • intransitive v. To continue in time; go on: The war lasted four years.
  • intransitive v. To continue; survive: The patient is not expected to last much longer.
  • intransitive v. To remain in good or usable condition: Produce lasts longer if it is refrigerated. I wanted a car that would last.
  • intransitive v. To continue in force or practice: wondered if the marriage would last.
  • intransitive v. To remain in adequate supply: Will our water last?
  • transitive v. To keep adequately supplied: left enough bread to last the family for the weekend.
  • transitive v. To persist or endure for the entire length of; survive: hoped to last the season without injuring her leg again.
  • n. A block or form shaped like a human foot and used in making or repairing shoes.
  • transitive v. To mold or shape on a last.
  • n. Chiefly British A unit of volume or weight varying for different commodities and in different districts, equal to about 80 bushels, 640 gallons, or 2 tons.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Final, ultimate, coming after all others of its kind.
  • adj. Most recent, latest, last so far.
  • adj. Least preferable.
  • The (one) immediately before the present.
  • Closest to seven days (one week) ago.
  • adv. most recently
  • adv. after everything else; finally
  • n. a tool for shaping or preserving the shape of shoes
  • n. A measure of weight or quantity, varying in designation depending on the goods concerned.
  • n. An old English (and Dutch) measure of the carrying capacity of a ship, equal to two tons.
  • v. To perform, carry out.
  • v. To endure, continue over time.
  • v. To hold out, continue undefeated or entire.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • of last, to endure, contracted from lasteth.
  • adj. Being after all the others, similarly classed or considered, in time, place, or order of succession; following all the rest; final; hindmost; farthest.
  • adj. Next before the present.
  • adj. Supreme; highest in degree; utmost.
  • adj. Lowest in rank or degree.
  • adj. Farthest of all from a given quality, character, or condition; most unlikely; having least fitness.
  • adv. At a time or on an occasion which is the latest of all those spoken of or which have occurred; the last time.
  • adv. In conclusion; finally; lastly.
  • adv. At a time next preceding the present time.
  • n. A wooden block shaped like the human foot, on which boots and shoes are formed.
  • n. A load; a heavy burden; hence, a certain weight or measure, generally estimated at 4,000 lbs., but varying for different articles and in different countries. In England, a last of codfish, white herrings, meal, or ashes, is twelve barrels; a last of corn, ten quarters, or eighty bushels, in some parts of England, twenty-one quarters; of gunpowder, twenty-four barrels, each containing 100 lbs; of red herrings, twenty cades, or 20,000; of hides, twelve dozen; of leather, twenty dickers; of pitch and tar, fourteen barrels; of wool, twelve sacks; of flax or feathers, 1,700 lbs.
  • n. The burden of a ship; a cargo.
  • intransitive v. To continue in time; to endure; to remain in existence.
  • intransitive v. To endure use, or continue in existence, without impairment or exhaustion
  • transitive v. To shape with a last; to fasten or fit to a last; to place smoothly on a last.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To form on or by a last; fit to a last, as the materials for a boot or shoe.
  • To follow out; carry out; perform; do.
  • To extend; reach.
  • To continue to be; remain in existence; continue in progress.
  • To hold out; continue unexhausted or unconsumed; escape failure or loss.
  • To continue unimpaired; remain fresh, unfaded, or unspoiled; continue to be available or serviceable; wear well: as, this color will last.
  • To find fault with; blame.
  • That comes or remains after all the others; latest; hindmost; closing; final; ultimate.
  • Next before the present: as, last week; on the last occasion.
  • Utmost; extreme.
  • Lowest; meanest.
  • Furthest of all from inclusion or consideration; most improbable or unlikely.
  • n. The end; conclusion; termination: in phrases.
  • At the end of the series; after all others.
  • In conclusion; finally; lastly.
  • For the last time; on the last occasion before the present time.
  • Lately.
  • n. A wooden pattern or model of the human foot, on which shoes are formed.
  • n. Power of holding out; endurance; stamina.
  • n. A burden; a load; a cargo.
  • n. A load of some commodity with reference to its weight and commercial value; hence, a particular weight or measure, varying in amount in different localities and for different commodities.
  • n. Fault.
  • n. In law, same as last-court.
  • n. A piece cut from a fish and used as bait. In pollack-fishing, for example, such a piece is cut from the under or bright part of the pollack.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. holding device shaped like a human foot that is used to fashion or repair shoes
  • n. a unit of weight equal to 4,000 pounds
  • adv. most_recently
  • adj. most unlikely or unsuitable
  • adj. occurring at or forming an end or termination
  • n. a person's dying act; the final thing a person can do
  • adv. the item at the end
  • n. the time at which life ends; continuing until dead
  • adj. lowest in rank or importance
  • n. a unit of capacity for grain equal to 80 bushels
  • n. the temporal end; the concluding time
  • adj. occurring at the time of death
  • adj. conclusive in a process or progression
  • adj. highest in extent or degree
  • v. persist for a specified period of time
  • n. the last or lowest in an ordering or series
  • adj. coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining
  • adj. immediately past
  • n. the concluding parts of an event or occurrence
  • v. continue to live through hardship or adversity
  • adj. not to be altered or undone


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old English latost, superlative of læt, late.
Middle English lasten, from Old English lǣstan.
Middle English leste, laste, from Old English lǣste, from lǣst, lāst, sole of the foot.
Middle English, load, a kind of measure, from Old English hlæst, load.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old English latost

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old English lǣstan, from Proto-Germanic *laistijanan. Cognate with German leisten ("yield").

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old English hlæst.


  • TWO major thoroughfares because the highway twists like vines as lanes spin up or down around each other - and the roads bend and warp until at last - at *last* - the road bears its own name on a sign.

    austin streets are as hipster as the population

  • Your mind begins to spin, as the last of your brain's oxygen is used up, conjuring whatever images it can come up with… your past, the future you're never going to see, your dreams, your nightmares… until finally, at long last…

    jaxraven Diary Entry

  • In dates of the last and present century, the expression of the _last two figures_ is sufficient.

    Assimilative Memory or, How to Attend and Never Forget

  • But then it is _all_ they can do -- it is the last card and the _last_ man, and if we make one stupendous effort, we must inevitably crush it.

    The Continental Monthly, Vol. 2, No 3, September, 1862 Devoted to Literature and National Policy.

  • And then, when the hour _has_ come at last, have you been able to take your departure without some half-reproachful feeling akin to melancholy -- without some slight shade of regret to think that much as you have hated it, you look upon it all now for the _last_ time?

    Kate Coventry An Autobiography

  • Evelyn at a concert, for which I had tickets, but I was too tired to go; this morning we went to hear Dr.P. Brooks, the great preacher who everyone was raving about last spring in London, (or was it _last_ year?) his church is like a great _temple_, or public hall, and cost [pound symbol] 180,000.

    The British Association's Visit to Montreal, 1884 : letters

  • I found a feeling of sincere companionship ... a companionship that without ostentation and as a matter of course, shared the last cent the last meal ... when every cent _was_ the last cent, every meal the _last_ meal ... the rest depending on luck and

    Tramping on Life An Autobiographical Narrative

  • ” Seward pleaded for delay, fearing that on account of the depression of the public mind the proclamation might “be viewed as the last measure of an exhausted government, a cry for help, the government stretching forth its hands to Ethiopia” in a “last shriek on the retreat.

    Chapter IV

  • The love of it clung to him to the last moments of his life; but tho he felt that “last infirmity of noble minds, ” never did there breathe a human being who had a more lofty disdain for the shallow and treacherous popularity which is to be courted by subserviency, and purchased at the expense of principle and duty.

    On Catholic Relief

  • _Passion_, because he had his best things last; for _first_ must give place to _last_, because _last_ must have his time to come: but _last_ gives place to nothing; for there is not another to succeed.

    The Children's Hour, v 5. Stories From Seven Old Favorites


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  • "He praised the pine-woods, the deep lasts of bracken, the crimson leaves that spotted the hurt-bushes, the serviceable beauty of the turnpike road."

    - E.M. Forster, A Room With a View

    I'm struggling to find the sense of last being used here.

    May 3, 2011

  • Cobbler's templates

    July 28, 2009