from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. See phloem.
- n. Bast fiber.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Fibre made from the phloem of certain plants and used for matting and cord.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The inner fibrous bark of various plants; esp. of the lime tree; hence, matting, cordage, etc., made therefrom.
- n. A thick mat or hassock. See 2d Bass, 2.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The strong inner fibrous bark of various trees, especially of species of linden (Tilia), of which the Russia matting of commerce is made.
- n. In botany, a tissue, otherwise called the liber or phloëm, formed of or containing very narrow, long, and tough flexible cells, called bast-cells or bast-fibers, and occurring most abundantly in the inner bark of dicotyledons.
- n. A rope or cord made of the inner bark of the lime-tree, or the bark made into ropes or mats. See bass, 3.
- n. Bastardy.
- Bastard; illegitimate.
- n. A name sometimes given to the portion of raw-silk fiber which envelops the fibroin: virtually the same as the sericin.
- n. A trade-name of the piassava-fiber. See bast-palm, piassava, and bass, 4.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. cat- or lion-headed Egyptian goddess; represents life-giving power of the sun
- n. (botany) tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed; consists primarily of sieve tubes
- n. strong woody fibers obtained especially from the phloem of from various plants
The prefix "bast" is also a type of wood filament: "B*AS*ton" become "Bâton" in French or Bat in English.
But old French expression "Fils de bast" meen "Child of Packsaddle Woman" -- bast is material for packsaddle!
Making a sort of eddying circuit round the garden, he knocked over the Convolvulus-pole, tore the strips of bast from the stick that held up the white Lily, loosed all the Carnation flowers from their fastenings, broke the Rose-tree down, and levelled the Sweet-peas to the ground.
The Hashysh paste is politely termed bast, and those who sell it basty (i.e. cheerfulness).
 The stem fibers such as flax, jute, ramie are called bast fibers, and before any of them can be utilized industrially, steps have to be taken to render them free from gum.
This portion is known as the bast, and hence these fibres are known as "bast fibres".
Hashysh paste is politely termed bast, and those who sell it basty (i.e. cheerfulness).
Thus we can understand how horror-struck the nation must be at the thought of the Shah being mortally wounded while in the pious act of kneeling in reverence on passing the chain which marks the actual line where the 'bast' or sanctuary begins.
The plant has two main parts, the central core which is light and spongy like balsa wood, and the stringy outer bark called the "bast" that produces fibers.
Derives from 'bast' or 'bat', alternative names for the kind of pack-saddle used in the baggagetrains that followed an army on the move.