Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To continue in the same state or condition: These matters remain in doubt.
  • intransitive v. To continue to be in the same place; stay or stay behind: We are remaining at home.
  • intransitive v. To be left after the removal, loss, passage, or destruction of others: Only a few trees remain. See Synonyms at stay1.
  • intransitive v. To be left as still to be dealt with: A cure remains to be found.
  • intransitive v. To endure or persist.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. State of remaining; stay.
  • n. That which is left; relic; remainder; -- chiefly in the plural.
  • n. remains: That which is left of a human being after the life is gone; relics; a dead body.
  • n. The posthumous works or productions, especially literary works of one who is dead.
  • v. To stay behind while others withdraw; to be left after others have been removed or destroyed; to be left after a number or quantity has been subtracted or cut off; to be left as not included or comprised.
  • v. To continue unchanged in place, form, or condition, or undiminished in quantity; to abide; to stay; to endure; to last.
  • v. To await; to be left to.
  • v. To continue in a state of being.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To stay behind while others withdraw; to be left after others have been removed or destroyed; to be left after a number or quantity has been subtracted or cut off; to be left as not included or comprised.
  • intransitive v. To continue unchanged in place, form, or condition, or undiminished in quantity; to abide; to stay; to endure; to last.
  • transitive v. To await; to be left to.
  • n. State of remaining; stay.
  • n. That which is left; relic; remainder; -- chiefly in the plural.
  • n.
  • n. That which is left of a human being after the life is gone; relics; a dead body.
  • n. The posthumous works or productions, esp. literary works, of one who is dead; as, Cecil's.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To continue in a place; stay; abide; dwell.
  • To continue without change as to some form, state, or quality specified: as, to remain active in business; to remain a widow.
  • To endure; continue; last.
  • To stay behind after others have gone; be left after a part, quantity, or number has been taken away or destroyed.
  • To be left as not included or comprised; be held in reserve; be still to be dealt with: formerly followed in some instances by a dative.
  • Synonyms To wait, tarry, rest, sojourn.
  • To keep.
  • n. The state of remaining; stay; abode.
  • n. That which is left to be done.
  • n. That which is left; remainder; relic: used chiefly in the plural.
  • n. Specifically plural That which is left of a human being after life is gone; a dead body; a corpse.
  • n. plural The productions, especially the literary works, of one who is dead; posthumous works: as, “Coleridge's Literary Remains.”
  • n. Synonyms Scraps, fragments.
  • n. 3–5, See relic.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. be left; of persons, questions, problems, results, evidence, etc.
  • v. continue in a place, position, or situation
  • v. stay the same; remain in a certain state
  • v. stay behind

Etymologies

Middle English remainen, from Old French remanoir, remainer, from Latin remanēre : re-, re- + manēre, to remain; see men-3 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English remainen, from Old French remain-, stressed stem of remanoir, from Latin remaneō, maneō, from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to stay”). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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