from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun An unpleasant feeling occurring as a result of injury or disease, usually localized in some part of the body.
- noun Bodily suffering characterized by such feelings.
- noun Mental or emotional suffering; distress.
- noun An instance of this.
- noun The pangs of childbirth.
- noun Great care or effort.
- noun Informal A source of annoyance; a nuisance.
- transitive verb To cause physical pain to; hurt.
- transitive verb To cause mental or emotional distress to.
- idiom (on/under) Subject to the penalty of (a specified punishment, such as death).
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun An obsolete spelling of
- noun Bread.
- noun Penalty; punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for a crime, or annexed to the commission of a crime.
- noun Uneasiness or distress of body or of mind; bodily or mental suffering.
- noun Specifically — In the plural, the throes or distress of travail or childbirth.
- noun Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; solicitude; grief; sorrow.
- noun Labor; exertion; endeavor; especially, labor characterized by great care, or by assiduous attention to detail and a desire to secure the best results; care or trouble taken in doing something: used chiefly in the plural: as, to spare no pains to be accurate; to be at great pains or to take great pains in doing something. The form pains has been used by good writers as a singular, as in the quotation from Shakspere below.
- noun Trouble; difficulty.
- noun Synonyms Pain, Ache, Twinge. All the words expressing physical pain are applicable, by familiar and therefore not emphatic figure, to pain of mind. Pain is the general term; ache represents a continued local pain; it is often compounded with a word expressing the place, as headache, toothache. Twinge represents a sudden, momentary pain, as though one had been griped or wrung. See
- noun 2 . Bitterness, heartache, affliction, woe, burden.
- To inflict suffering upon as a penalty or punishment; torture; punish.
- To trouble or annoy with physical or mental suffering.
- To render uneasy in mind; trouble or annoy with mental suffering; distress; disquiet; grieve.
- To cause to take pains; put to exertion: used reflexively.
- To put to trouble or pains.
- Synonyms To hurt, agonize, torment, torture, rack, excruciate.
- To suffer; be afflicted with pain.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty.
- noun Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart.
- noun Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.
- noun Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish. Also called
- noun See
Pains, labor, effort.
- noun See under
- noun [Obs.] to be tortured to death.
- transitive verb obsolete To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
- transitive verb To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture
- transitive verb To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
- transitive verb [Obs.] to exert or trouble one's self; to take pains; to be solicitous.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun countable and uncountable An
acheor bodily suffering, or an instance of this; an unpleasantsensation, resulting from a derangementof functions, disease, or injuryby violence; hurt.
- noun uncountable The condition or fact of
sufferingor anguishespecially mental, as opposed to pleasure; torment; distress; sadness; grief; solicitude; disquietude.
- noun countable An
annoyingperson or thing.
- noun uncountable (
obsolete) Suffering seen as a punishmentor penalty.
- verb transitive To
hurt; to put to bodily uneasinessor anguish; to afflictwith uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture.
- verb transitive To render uneasy in mind; to
disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
- verb transitive (
obsolete) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a bothersome annoying person
- noun something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness
- noun a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
But in the case of pain, we don't seem to semantically apply PAIN, or ˜pain™ for that matter, to tissue damage.
Pain Aydede, Murat 2009
We should also note that the pain scientists themselves who wrote up the IASP definition of ˜pain™ and the accompanying note seem to side with Dennett on the truth of (14).
Pain Aydede, Murat 2009
I think I just like saying I'm a pagan to enjoy the pain on the faces of all the Christians..pain first, then shock, then righteous indignation...hope your feeling better soon...
A Declaration of Faith Anne Johnson 2008
All that tearing down Don had been doing, ripping out cabinets, extra studs, lath and plaster, the house was writhing with the pain of it like having its teeth pulled, and now this, whatever he was doing, this new sound, the house was in _pain_.
Homebody Card, Orson Scott 1998
There is no better way of testing whether pain has been felt than by taking the lacerated or contused gums of the patient between the index finger and thumb and making a gentle pressure to collapse the alveolar borders; invariably, they will cry out lustily, _that is pain_!
The conscious infliction of pain _for the sake of the pain_ is against the better nature of man, and it is unsafe and demoralizing for any one to undertake this duty.
In the early hours of that day a knot of women, one of them beating a drum, others lugubriously chanting _du pain, du pain_, bread, bread, appeared in the streets of Paris.
Therefore in the balance between the pleasure of general _society_, and the pain of absolute solitude, _pain_ is the predominant idea.
The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. 01 (of 12) Edmund Burke 1763
This nerve also senses facial pain, so as the signals are conducted the brain interprets the pain as coming from the forehead - the same \ "referred pain\" phenomenon seen in heart attacks.
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