Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • transitive verb To cause grievous physical or mental suffering to.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Afflicted; distressed.
  • To strike down; prostrate; overthrow; rout.
  • To distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble greatly or grievously; harass or torment: as, to be afflicted with the gout, or by persecution.
  • Synonyms Afflict, Distress, Trouble, Harass, Torment; try, pain, hurt, plague, persecute. Of these words, afflict implies the most spiritual effect, the greatest depth and continuance of sorrow. To distress is a more outward act, bringing one into straitness of circumstances or feeling, so that there is more anxiety for the future, while perhaps the afflicted person knows the full measure of his loss and is wholly occupied with the past. To trouble is a lighter act, involving perhaps confusion or uncertainty of mind, and especially embarrassment. Harass, as applied to mind or body, suggests the infliction of the weariness that comes from the continuance or repetition of trying experiences, so that there is not time for rest. Torment implies the infliction of acute pain, physical or mental, and is frequently used in the sense of harassing by frequent return. The use of afflicted otherwise than of persons severally or collectively is highly figurative or poetic: as, my afflicted fortunes; the other words have freer figurative use. See affliction.
  • noun Conflict; struggle.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • past participle obsolete Afflicted.
  • transitive verb obsolete To strike or cast down; to overthrow.
  • transitive verb To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
  • transitive verb obsolete To make low or humble.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb transitive To cause (someone) pain, suffering or distress.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb cause great unhappiness for; distress
  • verb cause physical pain or suffering in

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English afflighten, from afflight, disturbed, frightened, from Latin afflīctum, past participle of afflīgere, to cast down : ad-, ad- + flīgere, to strike.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old French aflicter, from Latin afflictare ("to damage, harass, torment"), frequentative of affligere ("to dash down, overthrow").

Examples

Comments

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  • Railroad telegraph shorthand for "advise what can be done" --US Railway Assn. Standard Cipher Code, 1906.

    January 19, 2013

  • reoccurring dream that afflicts many city dwellers that involves the discovery of new, previously unearthed rooms in their apartments.

    February 20, 2014

  • others say that the disgrace and ignominy with which God afflicts disbelievers and in which He leaves them to continue for a long time is tantamount to mockery (R).

    The Study Quran

    https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=GVSzBgAAQBAJ&pg=GBS.PR4-IA51.w.6.0.32

    March 2, 2018