American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To inflict grievous physical or mental suffering on.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To strike down; prostrate; overthrow; rout.
- To distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble greatly or grievously; harass or torment: as, to be afflicted with the gout, or by persecution.
- Synonyms Afflict, Distress, Trouble, Harass, Torment; try, pain, hurt, plague, persecute. Of these words, afflict implies the most spiritual effect, the greatest depth and continuance of sorrow. To distress is a more outward act, bringing one into straitness of circumstances or feeling, so that there is more anxiety for the future, while perhaps the afflicted person knows the full measure of his loss and is wholly occupied with the past. To trouble is a lighter act, involving perhaps confusion or uncertainty of mind, and especially embarrassment. Harass, as applied to mind or body, suggests the infliction of the weariness that comes from the continuance or repetition of trying experiences, so that there is not time for rest. Torment implies the infliction of acute pain, physical or mental, and is frequently used in the sense of harassing by frequent return. The use of afflicted otherwise than of persons severally or collectively is highly figurative or poetic: as, my afflicted fortunes; the other words have freer figurative use. See affliction.
- Afflicted; distressed.
- n. Conflict; struggle.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. obsolete To strike or cast down; to overthrow.
- v. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
- v. obsolete To make low or humble.
- obsolete Afflicted.
- v. cause great unhappiness for; distress.
- v. cause physical pain or suffering in
- From Old French aflicter, from Latin afflictare ("to damage, harass, torment"), frequentative of affligere ("to dash down, overthrow"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English afflighten, from afflight, disturbed, frightened, from Latin afflictum, past participle of afflīgere, to cast down : ad-, ad- + flīgere, to strike. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“That he will not afflict, that is, that he will not afflict willingly; it is no pleasure to him to grieve the children of men, much less his own children.”
“Sundry marplots, such as afflict all public bodies did, indeed, start to their feet, but a universal cry of ` ` question '' drowned all their efforts, and Mr. Raymond's motion was carried, to all appearance unanimously.”
“It took place in the bed-room, where, as usual save on Sunday morning, Ada consumed her strong tea and heavily buttered toast; the state of her health -- she had frequent ailments, more or less genuine, such as afflict the indolent and brainless type of woman -- made it necessary for her to repose till a late hour.”
“afflict' Rose, but let her choose, and if I'm not entirely mistaken, she will like my rig best.”
“At the same time, it meant “to afflict” or “to trouble.””
“Social relations in America may be eased by the fact that most Americans find God more likely to comfort than to afflict.”
“As the chart above shows, federal government spending is not subject to the wild swings that afflict investment, so it helps to stabilize GDP and jobs--if it is big enough.”
“Restless legs syndrome is thought to afflict millions, though there's argument about just how many.”
“The need for new medicines to treat these diseases -- more than half of which afflict children -- is great.”
“The endless Seattle cycle of "wait for new input and never commit" is the problem; plus a curious tunnel-o-phobia that doesn't afflict most of the rest of the world.”
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