from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An unpleasant sensation occurring in varying degrees of severity as a consequence of injury, disease, or emotional disorder.
- n. Suffering or distress.
- n. The pangs of childbirth.
- n. Great care or effort: take pains with one's work.
- n. Informal A source of annoyance; a nuisance.
- transitive v. To cause pain to; hurt or injure.
- intransitive v. To be the cause of pain.
- idiom on Subject to the penalty of (a specified punishment, such as death).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An ache or bodily suffering, or an instance of this; an unpleasant sensation, resulting from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; hurt.
- n. The condition or fact of suffering or anguish especially mental, as opposed to pleasure; torment; distress; sadness; grief; solicitude; disquietude.
- n. An annoying person or thing.
- n. (obsolete) Suffering seen as a punishment or penalty.
- v. To hurt; to put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture.
- v. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
- v. (obsolete) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty.
- n. Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart.
- n. Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.
- n. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish. Also called mental pain.
- n. See Pains, labor, effort.
- transitive v. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
- transitive v. To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture
- transitive v. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Penalty; punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for a crime, or annexed to the commission of a crime.
- n. Uneasiness or distress of body or of mind; bodily or mental suffering.
- n. Specifically — In the plural, the throes or distress of travail or childbirth.
- n. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; solicitude; grief; sorrow.
- n. Labor; exertion; endeavor; especially, labor characterized by great care, or by assiduous attention to detail and a desire to secure the best results; care or trouble taken in doing something: used chiefly in the plural: as, to spare no pains to be accurate; to be at great pains or to take great pains in doing something. The form pains has been used by good writers as a singular, as in the quotation from Shakspere below.
- n. Trouble; difficulty.
- n. Synonyms Pain, Ache, Twinge. All the words expressing physical pain are applicable, by familiar and therefore not emphatic figure, to pain of mind. Pain is the general term; ache represents a continued local pain; it is often compounded with a word expressing the place, as headache, toothache. Twinge represents a sudden, momentary pain, as though one had been griped or wrung. See agony.
- n. 2 . Bitterness, heartache, affliction, woe, burden.
- To inflict suffering upon as a penalty or punishment; torture; punish.
- To trouble or annoy with physical or mental suffering.
- To render uneasy in mind; trouble or annoy with mental suffering; distress; disquiet; grieve.
- To cause to take pains; put to exertion: used reflexively.
- To put to trouble or pains.
- Synonyms To hurt, agonize, torment, torture, rack, excruciate.
- To suffer; be afflicted with pain.
- n. Bread.
- n. An obsolete spelling of pane.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a bothersome annoying person
- n. something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness
- n. a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
- v. cause emotional anguish or make miserable
- v. cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
- n. emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
- n. a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
Middle English, from Old French peine, from Latin poena, penalty, pain, from Greek poinē, penalty; see kwei-1 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French and Anglo-Norman peine, paine, from Latin poena ("punishment, pain"), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinê, "bloodmoney, were-gild, fine, price paid, penalty"). Compare German Pein, Dutch pijn, Afrikaans pyn. (Wiktionary)