Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or process of judging; the formation of an opinion after consideration or deliberation.
  • n. The mental ability to perceive and distinguish relationships; discernment: Fatigue may affect a pilot's judgment of distances.
  • n. The capacity to form an opinion by distinguishing and evaluating: His judgment of fine music is impeccable.
  • n. The capacity to assess situations or circumstances and draw sound conclusions; good sense: She showed good judgment in saving her money. See Synonyms at reason.
  • n. An opinion or estimate formed after consideration or deliberation, especially a formal or authoritative decision: awaited the judgment of the umpire.
  • n. Law A determination of a court of law; a judicial decision.
  • n. Law A court act creating or affirming an obligation, such as a debt.
  • n. Law A writ in witness of such an act.
  • n. An assertion of something believed.
  • n. A misfortune believed to be sent by God as punishment for sin.
  • n. The Last Judgment.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The act of judging.
  • n. The power or faculty of performing such operations; especially, when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; as, a man of judgment; a politician without judgment.
  • n. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.
  • n. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge.
  • n. The final award; the last sentence.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the values and relations of things, whether of moral qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material facts, is obtained
  • n. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see 1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense
  • n. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.
  • n. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.
  • n.
  • n. That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the purpose of ascertaining their agreement or disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold: (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of concepts giving what is technically called a judgment. (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and identical.
  • n. That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.
  • n. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
  • n. The final award; the last sentence.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The faculty of judging.
  • n. Specifically— The intellectual power of perceiving relations between ideas, as the relations of similarity, difference, etc.
  • n. The act of judging. The act of affirming (or denying) a relation (as of similarity or difference) between two ideas.
  • n. The process of arriving at a conclusion or decision; the determination of a doubtful or debatable matter.
  • n. The product of the mental act of judging; the recognition of a relation between objects; a mental affirmation or proposition; the thought that a given general representation is really applicable to a certain object; the actual consciousness of belief.
  • n. The decision of a judge, or of one acting as a judge; an authoritative determination; specifically, the judicial decision of a cause in court; adjudication; award; sentence.
  • n. Specifically— the determination of the rights of the parties in a common-law action, as distinguished from a decree in chancery
  • n. the determination of the rights of the parties in any action, legal or equitable, under the reformed procedure
  • n. the document embodying such determination. When those rights have been conceded, or established by evidence, and it only remains to compel compliance with the judgment, the judgment is called final. If before enforcing the judgment it is necessary to take proceedings to determine the application of those rights—as, for instance, to take an accounting, or to turn lands or chattels into money for the purpose of division—the determination of the rights of the parties first had is an interlocutory judgment or decree; and after such further proceedings have been had the court gives a final judgment or decree, which can be immediately enforced.
  • n. An opinion formed or put forth; a conclusion drawn from premises; a decision based on observation or belief; an estimate; a view.
  • n. A divine allotment or dispensation; a decree or commandment of God; specifically, an event or experience regarded as a direct manifestation of the divine will, especially of the divine displeasure.
  • n. The final trial of the human race in the future state; the judgment-day.
  • n. See the adjectives.
  • n. Hence— In modern practice, the documents (usually the process complaint, answer, verdict or findings and judgment thereon) fastened and folded together, and filed as the record of the judgment.
  • n. Synonyms Judgment, Sagacity, Perspicacity; discrimination, penetration, wisdom, brains. Judgment, as compared with sagacity and perspicacity, is a general word: as, sound judgment in business; good judgment as to cloths. Sagacity is a power to discern the real facts of a situation, to see the course that is wisest to avoid failure or achieve success. (See astute.) Sagacity is especially the word applied to brutes that have a large discernment and a quickness of mind like those of man. Perspicacity is essentially the same as discernment, except that it is more vividly figurative, suggesting the actual use of the eyes in looking into things. See discernment. Verdict, Report, etc. See decision and inference.- Taste, Judgment (see taste); opinion, belief, conclusion.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
  • n. the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision
  • n. an opinion formed by judging something
  • n. the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event
  • n. the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
  • n. (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
  • n. the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations

Etymologies

Middle English jugement, from Old French, from jugier, to judge, from Latin iūdicāre; see judge.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French jugement, from Late Latin iūdicāmentum. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The essential thing comes to be the reflection of the social standard in the thinker's own judgment; _the thoughts thought must always be critically judged by the thinker himself; and for the most part his judgment is at once also the social judgment_.

    The Story of the Mind

  • The rcfult of our judgment upon that examination is what ultimately determines the man, who could not be free if his will were determined by any thing but his own deiirc guided by his own judgment* 1 know that liberty by fome is placed in an indifFcrency of the man, antecedent to the determination of his will.

    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

  • "It was urged at your lordships 'bar, that all the instances which have been brought forward in support of the proposition, that one good count will support a general judgment upon an indictment in which there are also bad counts, are cases in which there was a motion in _arrest of judgment_, not cases where a _writ of error_ has been brought.

    Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 56, Number 349, November, 1844

  • When a defendant has been found guilty of an offence by the verdict of a jury, judgment must follow as a matter of course, "_judgment_ being the sentence of the law pronounced by the court upon the matter contained in the record." [

    Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 56, Number 349, November, 1844

  • Or again, by way of disproving the assertion of the right of private judgment in religion, one may hear a grave argument to prove that ‘it is impossible every one can be _right in his judgment_.’”

    A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive

  • III. ii.74 (244,2) Whose blood and judgment] According to the doctrine of the four humours, _desire_ and _confidence_ were seated in the blood, and _judgment_ in the phlegm, and the due mixture of the humours made a perfect character.

    Notes to Shakespeare, Volume III: The Tragedies

  • III. i.158 (368,2) Mangles true judgment] _Judgment_ is _judgment_ in its common sense, or the faculty by which right is distinguished from wrong.

    Notes to Shakespeare, Volume III: The Tragedies

  • The word judgment comes from the Greek word krisis; we get our English word crisis from it.

    God is Not a Christian, Nor a Jew, Muslim, Hindu …

  • This country needs something you don't possess and after the trouble with the Bush administration, the last thing we need to follow that gross error in judgment is to hand over the keys to white trash.

    Palin plans 'aggressive' fundraising push

  • You see, the cost of such errors in judgment is less than the ill-gotten gains.

    The 14th Banker: Colossal Judgement Failures in Mortgage Mess

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Comments

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  • The standard spelling in the UK legal context ('the court handed down a judgment'). In normal use 'judgement' is more common, though not hugely so. This is also true of Australia. In US and South African usage, 'judgment' is considerably though not overwhelmingly more common. Surprisingly, perhaps, the style guides of both the Guardian and The Times recommend 'judgment'. Perhaps they consider it's not worth maintaining a distinction between a court judgment and a person's judgement.

    August 6, 2008