American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The quality of being just; fairness.
- n. The principle of moral rightness; equity.
- n. Conformity to moral rightness in action or attitude; righteousness.
- n. The upholding of what is just, especially fair treatment and due reward in accordance with honor, standards, or law.
- n. Law The administration and procedure of law.
- n. Conformity to truth, fact, or sound reason: The overcharged customer was angry, and with justice.
- n. Law A judge.
- n. Law A justice of the peace.
- idiom. do justice to To treat adequately, fairly, or with full appreciation: The subject is so complex that I cannot do justice to it in a brief survey.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Justness; the quality of being just; just conduct. Practical conformity to the laws and principles of right dealing; the rendering to every one of that which is his due; honesty; rectitude; uprightness; also, the ethical idea of just conduct, either of individuals or of communities; the moral principle which determines such conduct.
- n. Vindication of right; requital of desert; the assignment of merited reward or punishment; specifically, execution or vindication of law.
- n. Rights of jurisdiction.
- n. Jurisdiction; authority.
- n. Precision; justness; exactness.
- n. A person commissioned to hold court for the purpose of hearing complaints, trying and deciding cases, and administering justice; a judge or magistrate: generally in specific uses: as, a justice of the peace; the justices of the Supreme Court.
- n. Synonyms Right, Justice, Equity, Law; Justness, Justice. Right is the standard word for what ought to be. Justice and equity are essentially the same, expressing the working out of the principles of right under law, but law often contrary to justice or equity: hence the occasional remark, “That may be law, but it is not justice.” Law in such a case means the interpretation of written law by the courts. A court of equity deals with and corrects the injustice of the working of the law. Equity more expressively represents the idea of fairness, and justice that of sacred rights. (See just and honesty.) Justness has a field of meaning peculiar to itself, by which we speak of the justness of observations, criticisms, etc.—that is, their conformity to admitted principles. As to conformity to right, we use justice for the abstract quality, justice of the person, and justness of the thing. We speak of the justness of a cause, a claim, a plea, etc.
- To administer justice to; deal with judicially; judge.
- n. The state or characteristic of being just or fair.
- n. The ideal of fairness, impartiality, etc., especially with regard to the punishment of wrongdoing.
- n. Judgment and punishment of a party who has allegedly wronged (an)other(s).
- n. The civil power dealing with law.
- n. A judge of certain courts. Also capitalized as a title.
- n. Correctness, conforming to reality or rules.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict performance of moral obligations; practical conformity to human or divine law; integrity in the dealings of men with each other; rectitude; equity; uprightness.
- n. Conformity to truth and reality in expressing opinions and in conduct; fair representation of facts respecting merit or demerit; honesty; fidelity; impartiality.
- n. The rendering to every one his due or right; just treatment; requital of desert; merited reward or punishment; that which is due to one's conduct or motives.
- n. Agreeableness to right; equity; justness.
- n. A person duly commissioned to hold courts, or to try and decide controversies and administer justice.
- v. obsolete To administer justice to.
- n. judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments
- n. the quality of being just or fair
- n. a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
- n. the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870
- Middle English justice from Old French justise, justice (Modern French justice), from Latin iustitia 'righteousness, equity', from iustus "just", from ius 'right', from Old Latin ious, perhaps literally "sacred formula", a word peculiar to Latin (not general Italic) that originated in the religious cults, from Proto-Indo-European *yews-. Replaced native Middle English rightwished, rightwisnes "justice" (from Old English rihtwīsnes "justice, righteousness", compare Old English ġerihte "justice"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French, from Latin iūstitia, from iūstus, just; see just1. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Callicles 'contempt for justice as normally understood turns out to involve four main ingredients: a critique of conventional justice, an account of ˜justice according to nature™, a theory of the virtues, and a hedonistic conception of the good.”
“Clapp, you can go,' said the Captain; and Mr. Numbers Clapp lost no time in conveying himself from the dangerous vicinity of justice; though such _justice_ as we here record, was not very dangerous to _him_.”
“To particular justice belongs _justice of exchange, _ which he describes as "the habit of observing equality in commutations.”
“It was not Toms practice to tell, but here justice clearly demanded that Maggie should be visited with the utmost punishment; not that Tom had learned to put his views in that abstract form; he never mentioned justice, and had no idea that his desire to punish might be called by that fine name.”
“And this is also to be gathered out of the ordinary definition of justice in the schools; for they say that justice is the constant will of giving to every man his own.”
“Again, my heart pleaded for justice and mercy; for _justice_ to all; and for _mercy_ to the needy and helpless.”
“Another pause followed -- a longer one -- when he said in a tone quite low, "_General St. Clair shall have justice; I looked hastily through the dispatches, saw the whole disaster but not all the particulars; I will receive him without displeasure; I will hear him without prejudice; he shall have full justice_.”
“That sense of justice which guides every party in our just Austrian land, does not entirely exclude her either; at the same time, this _very same sense of justice_ must render all her remonstrances unavailing.”
“a distinct proposal now that the thief and the justice shall change places on the spot -- with the inquiry as to which is _the justice_, and which is the _thief_, openly started -- one would almost fancy that the subject had been exhausted here, or would be, if these indications should be followed up.”
“Union, establish justice, "-- yes, Sir, _establish justice_ --" to promote the general welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. ”
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