from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Biology A fundamental category of taxonomic classification, ranking below a genus or subgenus and consisting of related organisms capable of interbreeding. See Table at taxonomy.
- n. Biology An organism belonging to such a category, represented in binomial nomenclature by an uncapitalized Latin adjective or noun following a capitalized genus name, as in Ananas comosus, the pineapple, and Equus caballus, the horse.
- n. Logic A class of individuals or objects grouped by virtue of their common attributes and assigned a common name; a division subordinate to a genus.
- n. A kind, variety, or type: "No species of performing artist is as self-critical as a dancer” ( Susan Sontag).
- n. The human race; humankind.
- n. Roman Catholic Church The outward appearance or form of the Eucharistic elements that is retained after their consecration.
- n. Roman Catholic Church Either of the consecrated elements of the Eucharist.
- n. Obsolete An outward form or appearance.
- n. Obsolete Specie.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A type or kind of thing.
- n. A group of plants or animals having similar appearance.
- n. A rank in the classification of organisms, below genus and above subspecies; a taxon at that rank
- n. A mineral with a unique chemical formula whose crystals belong to a unique crystallographic system.
- n. The image of something cast on a surface, or reflected from a surface, or refracted through a lens or telescope; a reflection.
- n. Either of the two elements of the Eucharist after they have been consecrated, so named because they retain the image of the bread and wine before their transubstantiation into the body and blood of Christ.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by the imagination; an image.
- n. A group of individuals agreeing in common attributes, and designated by a common name; a conception subordinated to another conception, called a genus, or generic conception, from which it differs in containing or comprehending more attributes, and extending to fewer individuals. Thus, man is a species, under animal as a genus; and man, in its turn, may be regarded as a genus with respect to European, American, or the like, as species.
- n. In science, a more or less permanent group of existing things or beings, associated according to attributes, or properties determined by scientific observation.
- n. A sort; a kind; a variety
- n. Coin, or coined silver, gold, or other metal, used as a circulating medium; specie.
- n. A public spectacle or exhibition.
- n. A component part of a compound medicine; a simple.
- n. An officinal mixture or compound powder of any kind; esp., one used for making an aromatic tea or tisane; a tea mixture.
- n. The form or shape given to materials; fashion or shape; form; figure.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An appearance or representation to the senses or the perceptive faculties; an image presented to the eye or the mind.
- n. Something to be seen or looked at; a spectacle or exhibition; a show.
- n. In logic, and hence in ordinary language, a class included under a higher class, or, at least, not considered as including lower classes; a kind; a sort; a number of individuals having common characters peculiar to them.
- n. One of the kinds of things constituting a combined aggregate or a compound; a distinct constituent part or element; an instrumental means: as, the species of a compound medicine.
- n. In biology, that which is specialized or differentiated recognizably from anything else of the same genus, family, or order; an individual which differs, or collectively those individuals which differ, specifically from all the other members of the genus, etc., and which do not differ from one another in size. shape, color, and so on, beyond the limits of (actual or assumed) individual variability, as those animals and plants which stand in the direct relation of parent and offspring, and perpetuate certain inherited characters intact or with that little modification which is due to conditions of environment.
- n. Coin; metallic money; specie. See specie.
- n. One of a class of pharmaceutical preparations consisting of a mixture of dried herbs of analogous medicinal properties, used for making decoctions, infusions, etc. See under tea.
- n. In civil law, the form or shape given to materials; fashion; form; figure.
- n. In mathematics: A letter in algebra denoting a quantity.
- n. A fundamental operation of arithmetic. See the four species, below.
- n. A former standard of currency in certain parts of Germany and in the north of Europe, apparently answering to the modern dollar of commerce.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
- n. a specific kind of something
Middle English, logical classification, from Latin speciēs, a seeing, kind, form; see spek- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin speciēs ("appearance; quality"), from speciō ("see") + -iēs suffix signifying abstract noun. (Wiktionary)