American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A local geographic or global human population distinguished as a more or less distinct group by genetically transmitted physical characteristics.
- n. A group of people united or classified together on the basis of common history, nationality, or geographic distribution: the German race.
- n. A genealogical line; a lineage.
- n. Humans considered as a group.
- n. Biology An interbreeding, usually geographically isolated population of organisms differing from other populations of the same species in the frequency of hereditary traits. A race that has been given formal taxonomic recognition is known as a subspecies.
- n. Biology A breed or strain, as of domestic animals.
- n. A distinguishing or characteristic quality, such as the flavor of a wine.
- n. Sports A competition of speed, as in running or riding.
- n. Sports A series of such competitions held at a specified time on a regular course: a fan of the dog races.
- n. An extended competition in which participants struggle like runners to be the winner: the presidential race.
- n. Steady or rapid onward movement: the race of time.
- n. A strong or swift current of water.
- n. The channel of such a current.
- n. An artificial channel built to transport water and use its energy. Also called raceway.
- n. A groovelike part of a machine in which a moving part slides or rolls.
- n. See slipstream.
- v. Sports To compete in a contest of speed.
- v. To move rapidly or at top speed: We raced home. My heart was racing with fear.
- v. To run too rapidly due to decreased resistance or unnecessary provision of fuel: adjusted the idle to keep the engine from racing.
- v. Sports To compete against in a race.
- v. Sports To cause to compete in a race: She races horses for a living.
- v. To transport rapidly or at top speed; rush: raced the injured motorist to the hospital.
- v. To cause (an engine with the gears disengaged, for example) to run swiftly or too swiftly.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A rush; running; swift course.
- n. A course which has to be run, passed over, or gone through; onward movement or progression; career.
- n. A contest of speed; a competitive trial of speed, especially in running, but also in riding, driving, sailing, rowing, walking, or any mode of progression. The plural, used absolutely, commonly means a series of horse-races run at a set time over a regular course: as, to go to the races; the Epsom races.
- n. Course, as of events; progress.
- n. Struggle; conflict; tumult; trouble.
- n. Course; line of onward movement; way; route.
- To run swiftly; run in, or as if engaged in, a contest of speed.
- To run with uncontrolled speed; go or revolve wildly or with improper acceleration: said of a steam-engine, a wheel, a ship's screw, or the like, when resistance is diminished without corresponding diminution of power.
- To practise horse-racing as an occupation; be engaged in the business of running horses.
- To cause to run or move swiftly, push or drive onward in, or as if in, a trial of speed: as, to race a horse; to race steamers.
- To run, or cause horses, etc., to run, in competition with; contend against in a race.
- n. A strong or rapid current of water, or the channel or passage for such a current; a powerful current or heavy sea sometimes produced by the meeting of two tides: as, the Race of Alderney; Portland Race.
- n. A canal or watercourse from a dam to a water-wheel: specifically called the head-race.
- n. The watercourse which leads away the water after it leaves the wheel: specifically called the tail-race.
- n. A genealogical line or stock; a class of persons allied by descent from a common ancestry; lineage; family; kindred: as, the Levites were a race of priests; to be of royal or of ignoble race.
- n. An ethnical stock; a great division of mankind having in common certain distinguishing physical peculiarities, and thus a comprehensive class appearing to be derived from a distinct primitive source: as, the Caucasian race; the Mongolian race; the Negro race. See man, 1.
- n. A tribal or national stock; a division or subdivision of one of the great racial stocks of mankind, distinguished by minor peculiarities: as, the Celtic race; the Finnic race is a branch of the Mongolian; the English, French, and Spaniards are mixed races.
- n. The human family; human beings as a class; mankind: a shortened form of human race: as, the future prospects of the race; the elevation of the race.
- n. A breed, stock, or strain of domesticated animals or cultivated plants; an artificially propagated and perpetuated variety. Such races differ from natural species or varieties in their tendency to revert to their original characters, and lose those artificially acquired, when they are left to themselves. Many thousands of races have been produced and named.
- n. Specifically— In zoöl,. a geographical variety; a subspecies, characteristic of a given faunal area, intergrading with another form of same species.
- n. In botany:
- n. A variety so fixed as to reproduce itself with considerable certainty by seed. Races may be of spontaneous origin or the result of artificial selection.
- n. In a broader use, any variety, subspecies, species, or group of very similar species whose characters are continued through successive generations.
- n. Any fixed class of beings more or less broadly differentiated from all others; any general aggregate of mankind or of animals considered as a class apart; a perpetuated or continuing line of like existences: as, the human race; the race of statesmen; the equine or the feline race.
- n. A line or series; a course or succession: used of things.
- n. A strong peculiarity by which the origin or species of anything may be recognized, as, especially, the flavor of wine.
- n. Intrinsic character; natural quality or disposition; hence, spirit; vigor; pith; raciness.
- n. Synonyms Tribe, Clan, etc. See people.
- Of or pertaining to a race.
- n. A root. See race-ginger, and hand, 13 .
- To tear up; snatch away hastily.
- An obsolete form of rase, raze.
- n. A calcareous concretion in brick-earth.
- In heraldry, same as indented.
- n. The circnlar path traversed by a horse in driving a machine by a horse-whim; a gin-ring or gin-race.
- n. In mech., an annular ring or groove in which the rollers of a roller-bearing, or the balls of a ball-bearing, travel; a ball-race; a roller-race. For a roller-bearing, the race is usually the frustum of a very flat cone, the rollers being frusta of the complementary cone.
- n. A narrow passage, fenced with hurdles, for sheep; a lane.
- n. The heart, liver, and lungs or lights of an animal, especially of a calf: same as pluck, 4.
- n. Same as rase.
- n. A white splash or mark on the face of a horse or dog; a blaze.
- n. A contest between people, animals, vehicles, etc. where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective. Several horses run in a horse race, and the first one to reach the finishing post wins
- n. A progressive movement toward a goal.
- n. A fast moving current of water.
- n. Travels, runs, or journeys.
- n. The bushings of a rolling element bearing which contacts the rolling elements.
- v. intransitive To take part in a race (in the sense of a contest).
- v. transitive To compete against in such a race.
- v. intransitive To move or drive at high speed.
- v. intransitive Of a motor, to run rapidly when not engaged to a transmission.
- n. A group of sentient beings, particularly people, distinguished by common heritage or characteristics:
- n. biology A population geographically separated from others of its species that develops significantly different characteristics; an informal term for a subspecies.
- n. A breed or strain of domesticated animal.
- n. figuratively A category or species of something that has emerged or evolved from an older one (with an implied parallel to animal breeding or evolutionary science).
- n. A rhizome or root, especially of ginger.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. obsolete To raze.
- n. A root.
- n. The descendants of a common ancestor; a family, tribe, people, or nation, believed or presumed to belong to the same stock; a lineage; a breed.
- n. Company; herd; breed.
- n. (Bot.) A variety of such fixed character that it may be propagated by seed.
- n. Peculiar flavor, taste, or strength, as of wine; that quality, or assemblage of qualities, which indicates origin or kind, as in wine; hence, characteristic flavor; smack.
- n. obsolete Hence, characteristic quality or disposition.
- n. A progress; a course; a movement or progression.
- n. Esp., swift progress; rapid course; a running.
- n. Hence: The act or process of running in competition; a contest of speed in any way, as in running, riding, driving, skating, rowing, sailing; in the plural, usually, a meeting for contests in the running of horses.
- n. Competitive action of any kind, especially when prolonged; hence, career; course of life.
- n. A strong or rapid current of water, or the channel or passage for such a current; a powerful current or heavy sea, sometimes produced by the meeting of two tides
- n. The current of water that turns a water wheel, or the channel in which it flows; a mill race.
- n. (Mach.) A channel or guide along which a shuttle is driven back and forth, as in a loom, sewing machine, etc.
- v. To run swiftly; to contend in a race
- v. (Steam Mach.) To run too fast at times, as a marine engine or screw, when the screw is lifted out of water by the action of a heavy sea.
- v. To cause to contend in a race; to drive at high speed.
- v. To run a race with.
- v. to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others
- n. (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species
- n. a canal for a current of water
- n. a contest of speed
- v. cause to move fast or to rush or race
- v. move fast
- n. people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock
- v. compete in a race
- n. any competition
- n. the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller
- From Middle French, from Latin radix (Wiktionary)
- French, from Old French, from Old Italian razza, race, lineage. Middle English ras, from Old Norse rās, rush, running. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Howe took a narrow two point USA Crits lead with 20 laps to go in the race, and he held onto the orange and white jersey come the end of the race.”
“Aryan race to leave behind literary relics of their existence on earth, then I say the Vedic poets are primitive; the Vedic language is primitive; the Vedic religion is primitive, and, taken as a whole, _more primitive than anything else that we are ever likely to recover in the whole history of our race_ ....”
“It appears that the red race here, the _race capresse_, is particularly liable to the disease.”
“But the want of general efficient efforts, unobstructed by local laws and deleterious influences, cannot but, in a few years, convince the Boards that the colonization of the tribes West is the best, if not the only hope of prosperity to the race _as a race_.”
“Expansion of segregating F2 mapping populations hybrids were derived from crosses of race 2 (P6497) ×race 7 (P7064), and race 1 (48FPA18) ×race”
“The term "race card", to those who understand it correctly, tends to suggest that someone was mistreated for reasons other than race and yet still insists that his/her mistreatment was due to race.”
“It is formed from the term race, which prudery permits, and it expresses once and for all that for which the instinct exists -- not the individual at all, but the race which is to come after him.”
“Regarding the title race he said: It was night when nobody else played in the Premier League.”
“Whether or not Roman Abramovich's spending really does put Chelsea back in the title race, it is possiblethey may have the biggest say in where the trophy ends up.”
“Cesc Fábregas's statement mentioned an underlying "respect" for the officials and an all-consuming passion for a club embroiled in the title race, but was less an apology and more an admission that, as he put simply, "so many things are said in the heat of the moment".”
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