Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or an instance of sprinting, especially a short race at top speed.
  • n. A burst of speed or activity.
  • intransitive v. To move rapidly or at top speed for a brief period, as in running or swimming.
  • transitive v. To move over (a distance) rapidly or at top speed for a brief period: sprinted the last 100 yards to the finish line.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A short race at top speed
  • n. A burst of speed or activity
  • n. In Agile software development, a period of development of a fixed time that is preceded and followed by meetings.
  • v. To run, cycle, etc. at top speed for a short period

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of sprinting; a run of a short distance at full speed.
  • intransitive v. To run very rapidly; to run at full speed.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To run at full speed, as in a short-distance footrace.
  • n. A run at full speed, as in a short-distance foot-race.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. run very fast, usually for a short distance
  • n. a quick run

Etymologies

Possibly alteration of Middle English sprenten, to spring up, of Scandinavian origin; akin to Swedish dialectal sprinta and Old Norse spretta, to jump.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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