American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To break or smash by striking violently.
- v. To hurl, knock, or thrust with sudden violence.
- v. To splash; bespatter.
- v. To write hastily. Often used with off: dashed off a note to the dean.
- v. To drink hastily. Often used with down: dashed down a glass of milk.
- v. To add an enlivening or altering element to.
- v. To affect by adding another element or ingredient to: ice cream that was dashed with rum.
- v. To destroy or wreck: Our dreams were dashed. See Synonyms at blast.
- v. To confound; abash.
- v. To strike violently; smash.
- v. To move with haste; rush: dashed to the door.
- n. A swift, violent blow or stroke: knocked the books to the floor with an impatient dash of his hand.
- n. A splash.
- n. A small amount of an added ingredient: a dash of sherry.
- n. A quick stroke, as with a pencil or brush.
- n. A sudden movement; a rush: made a dash for the exit.
- n. Sports A footrace, usually less than a quarter-mile long, run at top speed from the outset.
- n. A spirited quality in action or style; verve. See Synonyms at vigor.
- n. Either of two symbols, an emdash or an endash, used in writing and in printing.
- n. In Morse and similar codes, the long sound or signal used in combination with the dot and silent intervals to represent letters or numbers.
- n. A dashboard.
- v. To damn.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To strike suddenly and violently; give a sudden blow to.
- To cause to strike suddenly and with violence; throw or thrust violently or suddenly: as, to dash one stone against another; to dash water on the face.
- To break by collision or by strokes; shatter.
- To scatter or sprinkle something over; bespatter; sprinkle; splash; suffuse.
- To place, make, mark, sketch, etc., in a hasty manner.
- To throw something into so as to produce a mixture; mingle; mix; adulterate: as, to dash wine with water; the story is dashed with fables; to dash fire-damp with pure air (said in coal-mining: see dad).
- To cast down; thrust out or aside; impede; frustrate; abate; lower.
- To confound; confuse; put to shame; abash: as, he was dashed at the appearance of the judge.
- To erase at a stroke; strike out; blot out or obliterate: as, to dash out a line or a word.
- To strike out or form at a blow; produce suddenly.
- Synonyms Dash, Smash, Shatter, Shiver, Crush, Mash. That which is dashed does not necessarily go to pieces: if it is broken, the fact is commonly expressed. That which is smashed, shattered, or shivered is dashed to pieces suddenly, with violence, at a blow or in a collision. Smashing is the roughest and most violent of the three acts; the word expresses the most complete disruption or ruin: as, the drunken soldier smashed (shattered,' shivered) the mirror with the butt of his musket. The use of smash or mash for crush (as, his head was smashed, I mashed my finger) is colloquial. Shatter and shiver differ in that shatter suggests rather the flying of the parts, and shiver the breaking of the substance; and the pieces are more numerous or smaller with shiver. That which is crushed or mashed is broken down under pressure; that which is mashed becomes a shapeless mass: sugar and rock are crushed into powder, small particles, or bits; apples are crushed or mashed into pulp in making cider; boiled potatoes are mashed, not crushed, in preparing them for the table.
- To rush with violence; move rapidly and vehemently.
- To use rapidity in performance, so as to display force seemingly without care, as in painting or writing.
- n. A violent striking together of two bodies; collision.
- n. A sudden check; frustration; abashment: as, his hopes met with a dash.
- n. An impetuous movement; a quick stroke or blow; a sudden onset: as, to make a dash upon the enemy.
- n. A small infusion or admixture; something mingled with something else, especially to qualify or adulterate it: as, the wine has a dash of water.
- n. The capacity for unhesitating, prompt action, as against an enemy; vigor in attack: as, the corps was distinguished for dash.
- n. A flourish; an ostentatious parade.
- n. In writing and printing, a horizontal stroke or line of varying length, used as a mark of punctuation and for other purposes; specifically, in printing, a type the face of which consists of such a line. The dashes regularly furnished in a font of type are called respectively the em dash (—, a square of the size of the font), the en dash (–, half a square), the two-em dash (——, two squares), and the three-em dash (———, three squares). In punctuation, the em dash is used to note a sudden transition or break of continuity in a sentence, more marked than that indicated by a comma, and also at the beginning and end of a parenthetical clause—properly of one more directly related to the general sense than a true parenthesis. (See
parenthesis.) The em or the en dash is often used to indicate the omission of the intermediate terms of a series which are to be supplied in reading, being thus often equivalent to “to …, inclusive”: thus, Mark iv. 3—20, or 3–20 (that is, verses 3 to 20, inclusive); the years 1880–88 (that is, 1880 to 1888). As a mark of hiatus or suppression, the dash—usually one of the longer ones—stands for something omitted, as a name or part of a name, the concluding words of an unfinished sentence, or the connecting words of a series of broken sentences. Various other more or less arbitrary uses are made of dashes, as in place of do. (ditto) to indicate repetition of names in a catalogue or the like, as a dividing line between sections, articles, or other portions of matter, etc.
- n. In printing, also, a line (variously modified in form) used for the separation of distinct portions of matter, as the parallel dash , the double dash , the diamond or swell dash , etc.
- n. Any short mark or line.
- n. In music: The short stroke placed over or under a note by which a staccato effect is indicated. See staccato.
- n. The line or stroke drawn through a figure in thoroughbass which indicates that the tone signified by the figure is to be chromatically raised a semitone.
- n. In harpsichord-music, a coulé (which see).
- n. In zoology, a longitudinal mark, generally rounded and clearly defined at one end, and tapering or gradually becoming indistinct at the other, as if produced by a drop of colored liquid dashed obliquely against the surface, or by the rough stroke of a pen. Such marks are very common on the wings of the Lepidoptera.
- n. A present made by a trader to a chief on the western coast of Africa to secure permission to traffic with the natives.
- n. Same as dash-board.
- n. In sporting, a short race decided in one attempt, not in heats: as, a hundred-yard dash.
- n. A present or gratuity; a cumshaw.
- n. typography Any of the following symbols: ‒ (figure dash), – (en dash), — (em dash), or ― (horizontal bar).
- n. A short run.
- n. A small quantity of a liquid substance; less than 1/8 of a teaspoon.
- n. A dashboard.
- n. One of the two symbols of Morse code.
- n. Nigeria A bribe or gratuity.
- v. intransitive To run quickly or for a short distance.
- v. intransitive, informal To leave or depart.
- v. transitive To destroy by striking (against).
- v. transitive To throw violently.
- v. transitive To sprinkle; to splatter.
- v. transitive To ruin; to destroy.
- v. transitive To dishearten; to sadden.
- v. transitive To complete hastily, usually with down or off.
- v. To draw quickly; jot
- interj. euphemistic Damn!
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To throw with violence or haste; to cause to strike violently or hastily; -- often used with
- v. To break, as by throwing or by collision; to shatter; to crust; to frustrate; to ruin.
- v. To put to shame; to confound; to confuse; to abash; to depress.
- v. To throw in or on in a rapid, careless manner; to mix, reduce, or adulterate, by throwing in something of an inferior quality; to overspread partially; to bespatter; to touch here and there
- v. To form or sketch rapidly or carelessly; to execute rapidly, or with careless haste; -- with off.
- v. To erase by a stroke; to strike out; knock out; -- with out.
- v. To rush with violence; to move impetuously; to strike violently.
- n. Violent striking together of two bodies; collision; crash.
- n. A sudden check; abashment; frustration; ruin.
- n. A slight admixture, infusion, or adulteration; a partial overspreading
- n. A rapid movement, esp. one of short duration; a quick stroke or blow; a sudden onset or rush
- n. Energy in style or action; animation; spirit.
- n. Low A vain show; a blustering parade; a flourish.
- n. (Punctuation) A mark or line [--], in writing or printing, denoting a sudden break, stop, or transition in a sentence, or an abrupt change in its construction, a long or significant pause, or an unexpected or epigrammatic turn of sentiment. Dashes are also sometimes used instead of marks or parenthesis.
- n. The sign of staccato, a small mark [�] denoting that the note over which it is placed is to be performed in a short, distinct manner.
- n. The line drawn through a figure in the thorough bass, as a direction to raise the interval a semitone.
- n. (Racing) A short, spirited effort or trial of speed upon a race course; -- used in horse racing, when a single trial constitutes the race.
- v. add an enlivening or altering element to
- v. cause to lose courage
- n. a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text
- n. the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
- v. break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over
- v. destroy or break
- n. a quick run
- n. the act of moving with great haste
- n. distinctive and stylish elegance
- v. run or move very quickly or hastily
- v. hurl or thrust violently
- n. a footrace run at top speed
- Middle English dashen, probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Danish daske, to beat.Alteration of damn. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“A unloaded firearm or locket up in dash is useless if needed.”
“STARR: From her desk, or what she calls her dash board, Jonas monitors everything.”
“The double dash is also used in comics to set off phrases within a sentence -- as in other written prose -- not just at the end of a broken off sentence.”
“The double dash is effective for helping a thought within a sentence be propelled into the limelight.”
“However, I also think that comics 'adherence for the double-dash instead of the M-dash is an unnecessary relic of the Great Typewriter Squeeze.”
“Her headlong dash from the bar, only to be whisked away by someone she still can't quite believe isn't an enemy.”
“It reminded me of when I saw Independence Day one summer day in New York, emerging afterwards into the full-on Manhattan Friday five o'clock rush hour just like the mad dash from the aliens the New Yorkers made in the movie.”
“The em-dash is definitely * in* right now, but I'm still trying to control it in my own work; it's too easy to use.”
“This evening, the U.S. women's soccer team goes for gold against Brazil, the final men's 200m dash is at 10: 50 p.m.”
“The liberation of northwestern Europe would all begin with a 24-hour dash from the south coast of England across the 100-mile wide English Channel to the beaches of Normandy.”
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