American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A unit of weight equal to 16 ounces (453.592 grams).
- n. A unit of apothecary weight equal to 12 ounces (373.242 grams). See Table at measurement.
- n. A unit of weight differing in various countries and times.
- n. A British unit of force equal to the weight of a standard one-pound mass where the local acceleration of gravity is 9.817 meters (32.174 feet) per second per second.
- n. The basic monetary unit of the United Kingdom, worth 20 shillings or 240 old pence before the decimalization of 1971. Also called pound sterling.
- n. See Table at currency.
- n. The primary unit of currency in Ireland before the adoption of the euro.
- n. A monetary unit of Scotland before the Act of Union (1707). Also called pound scots.
- n. The pound key on a telephone.
- v. To strike repeatedly and forcefully. See Synonyms at beat.
- v. To beat to a powder or pulp; pulverize or crush.
- v. To instill by persistent, emphatic repetition: pounded knowledge into the students' heads.
- v. To assault with heavy gunfire.
- v. To strike vigorous, repeated blows: He pounded on the table.
- v. To move along heavily and noisily: The children pounded up the stairs.
- v. To pulsate rapidly and heavily; throb: My heart pounded.
- v. To move or work laboriously: a ship that pounded through heavy seas.
- n. A heavy blow.
- n. The sound of a heavy blow; a thump.
- n. The act of pounding.
- idiom. pound the pavement Slang To travel the streets on foot, especially in search of work.
- n. A public enclosure for the confinement of stray dogs or livestock.
- n. A place in which impounded property is held until redeemed.
- n. An enclosure in which animals or fish are trapped or kept.
- n. A place of confinement for lawbreakers.
- v. To confine in or as if in a pound; impound.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A fundamental unit of weight or mass. In the English system, both in the more antiquated form retained in the United States and under the improvements established by the British government, two pounds are used—the pound avoirdupois (divided into 16 ounces) for all ordinary commodities, and the troy pound (divided into 12 ounces) for bullion, and in the United States for a few other purposes. But, while troy ounces and their subdivisions are often used, the pound itself is hardly employed. In Great Britain and its colonies the legal original standard weight since 1856 has been the imperial pound avoirdupois, which is a cylindrical mass of platinum, having a groove round it near the top, and marked P. S. 1844 11b. The letters P. S. stand for “Parliamentary Standard.” The so-called “commercial pound” is only an ideal brass pound to be weighed in air. The troy pound in Great Britain is defined as 5,760 grains of which the avoirdupois pound contains 7,000. From 1824 to 1856 the only legal original standard weight in Great Britain was a troy pound constructed in 1758 and denominated the imperial standard troy pound; and the avoirdupois pound was defined as 7,000 grains of which the troy pound contained 5,760. The present imperial pound avoirdupois probably does not differ by
grain from the previous avoirdupois pound. Before 1824 the legal standards had been certain weights, both troy and avoirdupois, constructed under Queen Elizabeth in 1588. These standards had not been very accurately constructed, and became worn by continual use; but it is probable that the avoirdupois pound had been equal to 7,002 of our present grains, of which the troy pound may have contained 5,759. The two pounds were not supposed to be commensurable. The Elizabethan avoirdupois pound remains, in theory, the legal avoirdupois pound in the United States; but of late years the practice has been to copy the British imperial pound avoirdupois. Congress has made a certain pound-weight kept in Philadelphia the troy pound of the United States; but this is a hollow weight (and therefore of an inferior character, and such as no European nation would be content to take for a prototype), and consequently its buoyancy is uncertain, and its mass cannot be ascertained with great accuracy. Practically, the British troy pound is copied. The pound avoirdupois was made a standard by Edward III., according to official evidence. From his 56-pound weight Elizabeth's standards were copied, although standards had been made in 1497, direct copies from which still exist. The troy pound was the pound of the city of Troyes, where a great annual fair was held. In 1497 it was made the legal weight in England for gold and silver, and it was generally used for other costly things, such as silk. The old books say it was used for bread; but Kelly, writing before the abolition of the assize of bread, says the pound used for that purpose was one of 7,600 grains, which he calls “the old commercial weight of England.” The monetary pound which the troy pound displaced had been used from Saxon times. It was equal to 5,400 or 5,420 of our present grains, and was divided into 12 ounces or 20 shillings. Contemporaneously with it there existed a merchants' pound containing 15 of the same ounces, making 6,775 grains. The avoirdupois and troy pounds are respectively about 453.6 and 373.26 grams. Other pounds have been in use in England. An act of 12 Charles II. legalizes the Venetian pound for weighing Venetian gold. This pound was a variation of the ancient Roman pound. The pound of Jersey and Guernsey was the French poids de marc. The Scottish Troyes or tron pound varied at different times, but latterly it was about 492 grams, being identical with the Dutch pound. Local pounds of 17, 18, 21, 22, and 24 ounces were in use until recently. Before the metric system, many hundreds of different pounds were in use in Europe, mostly divided into 16 ounces, but many into 12 ounces. The principal types were as follows. Polish pounds, of values clustering about 405 grams, containing 16 ounces of about 25 grams each, from the old Warsaw pound of 378.8 grams to the old Cracow pound of 405.9 grams. The latest Polish pound was 105.504 grams. The pounds of High Languedoc and the “table-weight” pounds of Provence, of values clustering about 410 grams, from the pound of Salon of 376.6 to that of Embrun of 435.0 grams. Some of the table pounds, as that of Ain (438.3 grams), were divided into 14 ounces; so the chocolate pound of Vienna had 28 loth, weighing 490 grams. Also, certain silk-pounds were divided into 15 ounces; but these were of greater weight. This was the case with the ordinary pound of Geneva of 458.9 grams, which was equal to the silk-pound of Lyons. The silk-pound of Patras in the Morea had also 15 ounces, but its value amounted to 480 grams. The 15-ounce merchants' pound of England of 437 grams had ounces of the same value as the old 12-ounce moneyers' pound of the Saxons. Baltic pounds, of values clustering about 422 grams (making the ounce about 26½, grams), from the Russian pound of 409.5174 grams to the Dantzic pound of 435.5 grams. The Swedish pound was 425.04 grams. The Italian pounds, of values clustering about 326 grams (having 12 ounces of about 27 grams each), the great majority between 300 and 350 grams. The following are examples: Grams. Venice, light pound 301.29 Sicily 319.06 Naples, silk-pound 320.70 Milan, light pound 327.02 Rome 339.16 Tuscany 339.58 Piedmont 368.88 Ragusa, in Dalmatia 374.07 These pounds would seem to be mostly modifications of the ancient Roman pound, the value of which was, according to the extant standards, 325.8 grams, but according to the coins 327.4 grams. There were, however, anciently other widely different pounds in Italy, from which some of the modern Italian pounds may have been derived. Many of the Italian cities had light and heavy pounds, the latter belonging to the class of pounds about 490 grams, or being still larger and containing more than 16 ounces. Light-weight pounds, having ounces of about 29 grams. These include Spanish and Portuguese pounds, mostly ranging from 458.5 to 460.5 grams, Netherlands pounds. ranging mostly from 463 to 470 grams, and German light-weight pounds, ranging mostly from 467 to 468.5 grams. The Saxon moneyers' pound comes into this category, being 350 grams, or 467 grams for 16 ounces. The avoirdupois pound of 453.6 grams is either a very light Spanish pound or a very heavy Provencal pound. The German pounds are divided not into 16 ounces but into 32 loth. Some of the Spanish pounds contain only 12 ounces, the ounce retaining the same value. The following are examples: Venice, heavy pound 477.12 Grams. Portugal 459.00 Spain 460.14 Liège 467.09 Antwerp 470.17 Saxony 467.15 Prussia 467.7110 Würtemberg 467.75 The German 12-ounce medicinal pounds, of values clustering about 358 grams (the ounce about 30), and mostly between 357 and 360. The Nuremberg pound, 357.854 grams, had much currency in different parts of Germany. The heavy-weight pounds of France and Germany, of values clustering about 490 grams (making the ounce about 30¾ grams), being mostly included between 488½ and 498½ grams. But there were a few half-heavy pounds between the heavy and the light, having ounces of 29¾ grams. There were also a few extra-heavy, having ounces of 31¾ grams. The following are German examples: Frankfort 467.88 Grams. Nuremberg, goldsmiths' (half-heavy) 477.138 Hamburg 484.12 Cassel 484.24 Lubeck 484.72 Hanover 489.57 Dutch troy 492.16772 Bremen 498.50 Denmark 499.26 But the most important pound of this class was the French mark-weight pound, of 489.50585 grams. This unit was so called because it had double the mass of a certain nest of weights, called a mark, which had been preserved in the Paris mint with scrupulous care from time immemorial. There is evidence that Charlemagne, under whom Western medieval coinage commenced, used a 12-ounce pound, the livre esterlin, whose ounces agreed with those of the Paris mark. It is said that Haroun al Raschid sent a standard pound to Charlemagne, and it has commonly been inferred that the livre esterlin was conformed to that, especially as Queipo found an authentic rotl of the same weight. Rotls, however, are of almost all weights, and there is no sufficient evidence of what one Haroun would have sent; besides, the fact that he sent a weight to Charlemagne affords no reason for thinking that Charlemagne would adopt it. We know that Dagobert, 150 years before, had kept a standard of weight in his palace, and it is quite likely that Charlemagne continued the use of that. Indeed, he had neither motive nor power to change the customary weight, such changes being effected only by changes in the course of commerce or by the hands of strong governments. The South German pounds, of values clustering about 560 grams (making the ounce about 35¾ grams), from that of Fiume, in Croatia, of 558.7 to that of Münster of 576.4 grams. The Bavarian and Vienna commercial pounds were, by law. 560 grams. Besides the pounds above mentioned, there were some containing more than 16 ounces. The heavy pounds of Valencia (524.4 grams). Zürich (528.6), and Geneva (550.6) had 18 ounces. There is said to have been a heavy pound (575 grams) in the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen, having 20 ounces. The commercial pound of the Asturias, equal to 690.1 grams, seems to have been divided into 24 ounces. The heavy pound of Milan of 763.13 grams had 28 ounces, that of Bergamo (815.2 grams) 30 ounces, and the meat-pound of Valencia (1069 grams) 36 ounces. See Nuremberg, commer. (extra-heavy) 510.22 mark, mina, rotl.
- n. A money of account, consisting of 20 shillings, or 240 pence, originally equivalent to a pound weight of silver (or of the alloy used). It is usually discriminated from the pound weight by the epithet sterling. The pound Scots was equal to a twelfth only of the pound sterling; it also was divided into 20 shillings, the shilling being worth only an English penny. In the currency of the American colonies the pound had different values: in New England and Virginia it was equal at the time of the Revolution to 15s. sterling, or $3.33⅓; in New York and North Carolina, to 11s. 3d. sterling, or $2.50; in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, to 12s., or $2.66⅔; in Georgia, to 18s., or $4.00. These units of value did not at once disappear from local use on the adoption of the decimal system of coinage by the United States.
- n. A balance.
- To weigh.
- To wager a pound on.
- n. An inclosure, maintained by authority, for confining cattle or other beasts when taken trespassing, or going at large in violation of law; a pinfold. Pounds were also used for the deposit of goods seized by distress.
- n. A pond.
- n. In a canal, the level portion between two locks.
- n. A pound-net; also, either one, inner or outer, of the compartments of such a net, or the inclosure of a gang of nets in which the fish are finally entrapped. See cut under pound-net.
- To shut up in a pound; impound; confine as in a pound; hence, to imprison; confine.
- Figuratively, to keep within narrow limits; cramp; restrain.
- To form into pounds, bins, or compartments.
- To beat; strike as with a heavy instrument and with repeated blows; pommel.
- To inflict; strike: as, to pound blows.
- To pulverize; break into fine pieces by striking with a heavy instrument; crush; reduce to powder.
- To strike repeated blows; hammer continuously.
- To walk with heavy steps; plod laboriously or heavily.
- n. A blow; a forcible thrust given to an object, thus generally occasioning a noise or report; also, the sound thus produced.
- n. A compartment in an abattoir in which animals can be kept until they are slaughtered.
- n. A place for the detention of stray or wandering animals.
- n. A place for the detention of automobiles that have been illegally parked, abandoned, etc.
- n. The part of a canal between two locks, and therefore at the same water level.
- n. Short for pound-force, a unit of force/weight.
- n. A unit of mass equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces (= 453.592 37 g). Today this value is the most common meaning of "pound" as a unit of weight.
- n. A unit of mass equal to 12 troy ounces (≈ 373.242 g). Today, this is a common unit of weight when measuring precious metals, and is little used elsewhere.
- n. US The symbol # (octothorpe, hash)
- n. The unit of currency used in the United Kingdom and its dependencies. It is divided into 100 pence.
- n. Any of various units of currency used in Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon, and formerly in the Republic of Ireland and Israel.
- n. Plural form of pound (unit of currency)
- v. transitive To strike hard, usually repeatedly.
- v. transitive To crush to pieces; to pulverize.
- v. transitive, slang To eat or drink very quickly.
- v. transitive, baseball, slang To pitch consistently to a certain location.
- v. intransitive, of a body part To beat strongly or throb.
- v. transitive, slang To vigorously sexually penetrate.
- v. To advance heavily with measured steps.
- n. A hard blow.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To strike repeatedly with some heavy instrument; to beat.
- v. To comminute and pulverize by beating; to bruise or break into fine particles with a pestle or other heavy instrument.
- v. To strike heavy blows; to beat.
- v. (Mach.) To make a jarring noise, as in running.
- n. An inclosure, maintained by public authority, in which cattle or other animals are confined when taken in trespassing, or when going at large in violation of law; a pinfold.
- n. A level stretch in a canal between locks.
- n. (Fishing) A kind of net, having a large inclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward.
- v. To confine in, or as in, a pound; to impound.
- n. A certain specified weight; especially, a legal standard consisting of an established number of ounces.
- n. A British denomination of money of account, equivalent to twenty shillings sterling, and equal in value to about $4.86. There is no coin known by this name, but the gold sovereign is of the same value.
- n. 16 ounces avoirdupois
- n. United States writer who lived in Europe; strongly influenced the development of modern literature (1885-1972)
- n. the basic unit of money in Great Britain and Northern Ireland; equal to 100 pence
- v. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
- v. place or shut up in a pound
- n. the basic unit of money in Cyprus; equal to 100 cents
- n. a nontechnical unit of force equal to the mass of 1 pound with an acceleration of free fall equal to 32 feet/sec/sec
- n. a unit of apothecary weight equal to 12 ounces troy
- v. move rhythmically
- v. shut up or confine in any enclosure or within any bounds or limits
- v. break down and crush by beating, as with a pestle
- v. hit hard with the hand, fist, or some heavy instrument
- n. the act of pounding (delivering repeated heavy blows)
- n. the basic unit of money in Syria; equal to 100 piasters
- n. the basic unit of money in the Sudan; equal to 100 piasters
- n. the basic unit of money in Egypt; equal to 100 piasters
- v. move heavily or clumsily
- n. the basic unit of money in Lebanon; equal to 100 piasters
- n. a symbol for a unit of currency (especially for the pound sterling in Great Britain)
- n. formerly the basic unit of money in Ireland; equal to 100 pence
- n. a public enclosure for stray or unlicensed dogs
- v. partition off into compartments
- From an alteration of earlier poun, pown, from Middle English pounen, from Old English pūnian ("to pound, beat, bray, bruise, crush"), from Proto-Germanic *pūnōnan (“to break to pieces, pulverise”). Related to Saterland Frisian Pün ("debris, fragments"), Dutch puin ("debris, fragments, rubbish"), Low German pun ("fragments"). Perhaps influenced by Etymology 2 Middle English *pound, pond, from Old English *pund, pynd, in relation to the hollow mortar for pounding with the pestle. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English pund, from West Germanic *punda-, from Latin (lībra) pondō, (a pound) by weight; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.Middle English pounden, alteration of pounen, from Old English pūnian.Middle English, from Old English pund-, enclosure (as in pundfall, pen). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Results have shown sustained weightloss comparable to dieting clubs but £pound for lb pound it's far cheaper.”
“It's about $35 / pound, available in ½-pound and 1-pound packages. www. justcured.com”
“The first of them was state assembly member Nathan Fletcher R-San Diego, who recently introduced legislation eliminating the term "pound" from the state's legal vocabulary in favor of "animal shelter.”
“The very best kind of cake, in my experience, is the simplest; a richly flavored quatre quarts, what we call pound cake.”
“But fifty cents a pound is a thousand dollars a ton, and his fifteen hundred pounds had exhausted his emergency fund and left him stranded at the Tantalus point where each day he saw the fresh-whipsawed boats departing for Dawson.”
“Goldstein feels the same way about the word "pound," likening it to a jail, and saying it carries an implication of something being done on the cheap.”
“A pound is free to travel to safety, and we are free to watch it go.”
“The UK could say one pound is defined as a unit of currency worth $1.60.”
“This time, I did a freakin 'pound of bacon for a fifth of vodka.”
“Once disparaged as the "Pacific peso", the Australian dollar rocketed on Friday and a pound is now worth just A$1. 60, compared with more than $2 last year.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘pound’.
Obviates the need for other devices or calculations--it will have a button for everything, and it will solve everything.
The various names for "money" have been scattered about the world in various countries and are now coming together at last in this hopefully vast list.
names of punctuation marks, accent marks, and other graphic signs and graphical characters used in printed, written, or digital text.
words pertaining to the root spe- (hope) with some allegorical liberties.
Very basic words for ESL students.
They went to sea in a Sieve, they did,
In a Sieve they went to sea:
In spite of all their friends could say,
On a winter's morn, on a stormy day,
In a Sieve they went to...
Just what it sounds like. My favorites. Five letters.
I'm reading books. And there are words and phrases I come upon for the first time, or that are used with usages that are new to me.
So, this is just a plain list of those words. Don't expect ...
Hecko, words! I’m so happy I’ve found you. I want to keep you all and never want to lose you again. I hope you like it here.
Monetary units and other words that mean money. Other financial words are allowed too, as long as they're principally about money. Get it, principally? I kill me.
short, sweet, epic, catchy, sassy, sexy & sizzling.
( personal list, randomness )
The ones that make you go "WOE!".
Looking for tweets for pound.