American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; rock.
- n. Such concreted matter of a particular type. Often used in combination: sandstone; soapstone.
- n. A small piece of rock.
- n. Rock or a piece of rock shaped or finished for a particular purpose, especially:
- n. A piece of rock that is used in construction: a coping stone; a paving stone.
- n. A gravestone or tombstone.
- n. A grindstone, millstone, or whetstone.
- n. A milestone or boundary.
- n. A gem or precious stone.
- n. Something, such as a hailstone, resembling a stone in shape or hardness.
- n. Botany The hard covering enclosing the seed in certain fruits, such as the cherry, plum, or peach.
- n. Pathology A mineral concretion in an organ, such as the kidney or gallbladder, or other body part; a calculus.
- n. A unit of weight in Great Britain, 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms).
- n. Printing A table with a smooth surface on which page forms are composed.
- adj. Relating to or made of stone: a stone wall.
- adj. Made of stoneware or earthenware.
- adj. Complete; utter: a stone liar.
- adv. Completely; utterly: stone cold; standing stone still.
- v. To hurl or throw stones at, especially to kill with stones.
- v. To remove the stones or pits from.
- v. To furnish, fit, pave, or line with stones.
- v. To rub on or with a stone in order to polish or sharpen.
- v. Obsolete To make hard or indifferent.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A piece of rock of small or moderate size. The name rock is given to the aggregation of mineral matter of which the earth's crust is made up. A small piece or fragment of this rock is generally called a stone, and to this a qualifying term is frequently added: as, cobble-stone or gravel-stone. See
- n. The hard material of which rock consists: in contradistinction to metal, wood, etc.
- n. A piece of rock of a determined size, shape, or quality, or used for a defined purpose: as, a grindstone; a hearthstone; an altar-stone. Specifically— A gun-flint.
- n. A gravestone; a monument or memorial tablet.
- n. A millstone.
- n. Iu printing, an imposing-stone.
- n. In glass manufacturing, a fiattening-stone.
- n. A precious stone; a gem. See precious.
- n. A small, hard, rounded object resembling a stone or pebble: as, a hail-stone; a gall-stone; an ear-stone. Specifically— A calculous concretion in the kidney or urinary bladder or gall-bladder, etc.; hence, the disease arising from a calculus.
- n. The glass of a mirror; a mirror of crystal.
- n. A common measure of weight in use throughout the northwest and central countries of Europe, but varying much in different countries. The English imperial standard stone is 14 pounds avoirdupois, and is commonly used in England in giving the weight of a man, but other values are in common use, varying with the article weighed: thus, the stone of butchers' meat or fish is 8 pounds, of cheese 16 pounds, of glass 5 pounds, of alum 13½ pounds, of hemp usually 32 pounds, though a statute of George II. made it 16 pounds, and one of Henry VIII. 20 pounds; of lead 12 pounds, though the statute de ponderibus makes it 15 pounds of 25 “shillings” each, equal to 14½ pounds avoirdupois. There were in the early part of the nineteenth century many local stones in use in England, but in the United States this unit is unknown. The stone of 14 pounds is not recognized in the statute de ponderibus, and first appears as a weight for wool. The old arithmetics call 14 pounds half a quarter, and either do not mention the stone, or define it as 8 pounds. The only legal stone in Great Britain now is that of 14 pounds.
- n. Synonyms and
- n. See rock.
- Made of stone: as, a stone house; a stone wall.
- Made of stoneware: as, a stone jar; a stone mug.
- To throw stones at; pelt with stones.
- To make like stone; harden.
- To free from stones, as fruit.
- To provide or fit with stones, as by lining, walling, or facing: as, to stone a well or a road.
- In leather manufacturing, to work (the leather) with a stock-stone to reduce it to uniform thickness, stretch it, and make it smooth-grained.
- n. An imitation atone made up of red, yellow, blue, and green glass in small particles, which is cut in brilliant form and extensively sold by Armenian and Syrian dealers.
- n. uncountable A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders.
- n. A small piece of stone.
- n. A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
- n. UK (plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc. 1 stone ≈ 6.3503 kilograms
- n. botany The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
- n. medicine A hard, stone-like deposit.
- n. board games A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
- n. A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
- n. curling A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.
- v. transitive To pelt with stones, especially to kill by pelting with stones.
- v. transitive To remove a stone from (fruit etc.).
- v. intransitive To form a stone during growth, with reference to fruit etc.
- v. transitive, slang To intoxicate, especially with narcotics. (Usually in passive)
- adj. Constructed of stone.
- adj. Having the appearance of stone.
- adj. Of a dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
- adj. African American Vernacular Used as an intensifier.
- adv. As a stone (used with following adjective).
- adv. slang Absolutely, completely (used with following adjective).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular mass of such matter
- n. A precious stone; a gem.
- n. Something made of stone. Specifically:
- n. obsolete The glass of a mirror; a mirror.
- n. A monument to the dead; a gravestone.
- n. (Med.) A calculous concretion, especially one in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
- n. One of the testes; a testicle.
- n. (Bot.) The hard endocarp of drupes. See
- n. engraving A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice varies with the article weighed.
- n. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness; insensibility.
- n. (Print.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also
- v. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.
- v. To make like stone; to harden.
- v. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of.
- v. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with stones.
- v. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.
- n. United States architect (1902-1978)
- n. United States filmmaker (born in 1946)
- n. material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust
- n. a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry
- n. a lack of feeling or expression or movement
- n. an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds
- n. United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872-1946)
- v. kill by throwing stones at
- n. United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)
- n. a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter
- adj. of any of various dull tannish or grey colors
- n. United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)
- v. remove the pits from
- n. building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose
- n. United States jurist who was named chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1872-1946)
- n. the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed
- From Middle English stan, ston, from Old English stān, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (cf. Dutch steen, German Stein), from Proto-Indo-European *st(y)oy- (compare Latin stiria ‘icicle’, Russian стена (stená, "wall"), Ancient Greek στῖον (stîon, "pebble"), stear ‘tallow’, Albanian shtëng ("hardened or pressed matter"), Sanskrit styāyate ‘it hardens’). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English stān. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“It isn't a woman; It's a blight upon the sex: A freak: It's _stone_, and when lightning strikes stone something bursts to smithereens.”
“Stone of Foundation is said, for peculiar reasons, to have been of a cubical form, must it be confounded with that stone called by the continental Masons the _cubical stone_ -- the _pierre cubique_ of the”
“Expose the stone to direct sunlight and hold an opaque white card a few inches from the stone, in the direction of the sun, so as to get the bright reflections _from within the stone_ reflected onto the card.”
“_coral stone_, which grows like clustered trees spreading its branches on all sides as is done by real _coral_, to which this stone bears so strong resemblance that it deceives many who are not very skilful respecting the growth and nature of coral.”
A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels — Volume 06 Arranged in Systematic Order: Forming a Complete History of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery, and Commerce, by Sea and Land, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time
“Because of that, anything less than a fix literally graven in stone is unacceptable.”
“When I started on the project I had my doubts about the idea of a diploma that set in stone from the age of 14 that someone would 'be a designer' - or an actor, a film director, an editor, a radio engineer etc.”
“Attention-grabbing, unashamedly pretentious and arriving later than scheduled, the stone is an apt tribute to one of the most confounding and charismatic figures in British music.”
“On one side of the stone is the Aztecs 'conqueror Hernan Cortes' hand holding a spear and on the other side the hand of Cuauhetemoc, the last Aztec emperor, holding a sling.”
“A pizza stone is a flat stone/unglazed ceramic tile that helps in creating a crisp crunchy pizza crust.”
“Looking out from the center of the stone is the sun god Tonatuih.”
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