from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun Concreted earthy or mineral matter; rock.
  • noun Such concreted matter of a particular type. Often used in combination.
  • noun A small piece of rock.
  • noun Rock or a piece of rock shaped or finished for a particular purpose, especially.
  • noun A piece of rock that is used in construction.
  • noun A gravestone or tombstone.
  • noun A grindstone, millstone, or whetstone.
  • noun A milestone or boundary.
  • noun A gem or precious stone.
  • noun Something, such as a hailstone, resembling a stone in shape or hardness.
  • noun Botany The hard covering enclosing the seed in certain fruits, such as the cherry, plum, or peach.
  • noun Medicine A mineral concretion in an organ, such as the kidney or gallbladder, or other body part; a calculus.
  • noun A unit of weight in Great Britain, 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms).
  • noun Printing A table with a smooth surface on which page forms are composed.
  • adjective Relating to or made of stone.
  • adjective Made of stoneware or earthenware.
  • adjective Complete; utter. Often used in combination.
  • adverb Completely; utterly.
  • transitive verb To hurl or throw stones at, especially to kill with stones.
  • transitive verb To remove the stones or pits from.
  • transitive verb To furnish, fit, pave, or line with stones.
  • transitive verb To rub on or with a stone in order to polish or sharpen.
  • transitive verb Sports To block a shot taken by (an opponent). Used of a goalie.
  • transitive verb Obsolete To make hard or indifferent.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun An imitation atone made up of red, yellow, blue, and green glass in small particles, which is cut in brilliant form and extensively sold by Armenian and Syrian dealers.
  • noun A piece of rock of small or moderate size.
  • noun The hard material of which rock consists: in contradistinction to metal, wood, etc.
  • noun A piece of rock of a determined size, shape, or quality, or used for a defined purpose: as, a grindstone; a hearthstone; an altar-stone.
  • noun A gravestone; a monument or memorial tablet.
  • noun A millstone.
  • noun Iu printing, an imposing-stone.
  • noun In glass manufacturing, a fiattening-stone.
  • noun A precious stone; a gem. See precious.
  • noun A small, hard, rounded object resembling a stone or pebble: as, a hail-stone; a gall-stone; an ear-stone.
  • noun The glass of a mirror; a mirror of crystal.
  • noun A common measure of weight in use throughout the northwest and central countries of Europe, but varying much in different countries.
  • noun Synonyms and
  • noun See rock.
  • Made of stone: as, a stone house; a stone wall.
  • Made of stoneware: as, a stone jar; a stone mug.
  • To throw stones at; pelt with stones.
  • To make like stone; harden.
  • To free from stones, as fruit.
  • To provide or fit with stones, as by lining, walling, or facing: as, to stone a well or a road.
  • In leather manufacturing, to work (the leather) with a stock-stone to reduce it to uniform thickness, stretch it, and make it smooth-grained.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • transitive verb To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.
  • transitive verb To make like stone; to harden.
  • transitive verb To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of.
  • transitive verb To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with stones.


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English, from Old English stān; see stāi- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English stan, ston, from Old English stān, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (cf. Dutch steen, German Stein), from Proto-Indo-European *st(y)oy- (compare Latin stiria ‘icicle’, Russian стена (stená, "wall"), Ancient Greek στῖον (stîon, "pebble"), stear ‘tallow’, Albanian shtëng ("hardened or pressed matter"), Sanskrit styāyate ‘it hardens’).


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  • Yes, paper can be made from stone. From the list tree-free-paper-alternatives

    July 8, 2015

  • Why is the link to my list not working? I used curly braces. I included the list with their original hyphens and then with all hyphens. The result: rhinos with red toenails 404.

    July 8, 2015

  • Weird. Is it because tree-free-paper-alternatives already contains a hyphen?

    July 8, 2015

  • Oh! I got it to work just now--but I copied "tree-free-paper-alternatives" from the URL at the top.

    July 8, 2015