Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A structure, such as a building or sculpture, erected as a memorial.
  • n. An inscribed marker placed at a grave; a tombstone.
  • n. Something venerated for its enduring historic significance or association with a notable past person or thing: the architectural monuments of ancient Rome; traditions that are monuments to an earlier era.
  • n. An outstanding enduring achievement: a translation that is a monument of scholarship.
  • n. An exceptional example: "Thousands of them wrote texts, some of them monuments of dullness” ( Robert L. Heilbroner).
  • n. An object, such as a post or stone, fixed in the ground so as to mark a boundary or position.
  • n. A written document, especially a legal one.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A structure built for commemorative or symbolic reasons, or as a memorial; a commemoration.
  • n. An important site owned by the community as a whole.
  • n. An exceptional or proud achievement.
  • n. An important burial vault or tomb.
  • n. A legal document.
  • n. A surveying reference point marked by a permanently fixed marker (a survey monument).

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Something which stands, or remains, to keep in remembrance what is past; a memorial.
  • n. A building, pillar, stone, or the like, erected to preserve the remembrance of a person, event, action, etc.. Also, a tomb, with memorial inscriptions.
  • n. A stone or other permanent object, serving to indicate a limit or to mark a boundary.
  • n. A saying, deed, or example, worthy of record.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To erect a monument in memory of.
  • To place monuments on; adorn with monuments: as, a region monumented with glorious deeds.
  • n. Anything by which the memory of a person, a period, or an event is preserved or perpetuated; hence, any conspicuous, permanent, or splendid building, as a medieval cathedral, or any work of art or industry constituting a memorial of the past; a memorial.
  • n. Specifically, a pile, pillar, or other structure erected expressly in memory of events, actions, or persons.
  • n. A stone shaft, or a structure of stone or other enduring material, erected over a grave in memory of the dead.
  • n. 4. A burial-vault; a tomb.
  • n. Any enduring evidence or example; a singular or notable instance.
  • n. In surveying and the law of conveyancing, any object, natural or artificial, fixed in the soil and referred to in a deed or other document as a means of ascertaining the location of a tract of land or any part of its boundaries.
  • n. A treatise.
  • n. Distinctive mark; stamp.
  • n. =Syn. 1-3. Memento, etc. See memorial.
  • n. A conspicuous crag of a somewhat pillar-like and symmetrical form.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a burial vault (usually for some famous person)
  • n. an important site that is marked and preserved as public property
  • n. a structure erected to commemorate persons or events

Etymologies

Middle English, from Latin monumentum, memorial, from monēre, to remind.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin monumentum ("memorial"), from monēre ("to remind") (Wiktionary)

Examples

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