American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Architecture A vaulted roof or ceiling.
- n. Architecture A small dome set on a circular or polygonal base or resting on pillars.
- n. Architecture A domelike structure surmounting a roof or dome, often used as a lookout or to admit light and air.
- n. A cylindrical shaft type of blast furnace used for remelting metals, usually iron, before casting.
- n. A small rounded and domed structure, as for observation, on a tracked, armored vehicle.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In architecture, a vault, either hemispherical or produced by the revolution about its axis of two curves intersecting at the apex, or by a semi-ellipse covering a circular or polygonal area, and supported either upon four arches or upon solid walls. The Italian word signifies a hemispherical roof which covers a circular building, like the Pantheon at Rome or the temple of Vesta at Tivoli. Most modern cupolas are semi-elliptical, cut through their shortest diameter; but the greater number of ancient cupolas were hemispherical. In colloquial use, the cupola is often considered as a diminutive dome, or the name is specifically applied to a small structure rising above a roof and often having the character of a tower or lantern, and in no sense that of a dome.
- n. The round top of any structure, as of a furnace; the structure itself. See cupola-furnace. Specifically
- n. Milit., a revolving shot-proof turret, formed of strong timbers, and armored with massive iron plates. In some systems of cupolas the tower is erected on a base which is made to turn on its center by means of steam-power. Within the turret heavy ordnance is placed, and fired through openings in the sides.
Farrow, Mil. Encye.
- n. In anatomy: The summit of the cochlea. The summit of an intestinal gland.
- n. In conchology, the so-called dorsal or visceral hump, made by the heap of viscera.
- n. architecture A dome-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome.
- n. military A small turret, usually on a hatch of an armoured fighting vehicle.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Arch.) A roof having a rounded form, hemispherical or nearly so; also, a ceiling having the same form. When on a large scale it is usually called dome.
- n. A small structure standing on the top of a dome; a lantern.
- n. A furnace for melting iron or other metals in large quantity, -- used chiefly in foundries and steel works.
- n. A revolving shot-proof turret for heavy ordnance.
- n. (Anat.) The top of the spire of the cochlea of the ear.
- From Italian cupola, from Latin cupula ("little tub"); from Latin cupa, cuppa ("cup"); named for its resemblance to a cup turned over. (Wiktionary)
- Italian, from Late Latin cūpula, diminutive of Latin cūpa, tub. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The fresco of the main cupola above the altar of grace, showing the Fourteen Holy Helpers, Saints Henry and Cunegond, and the Blessed Virgin adoring the Most Holy Trinity:”
“Use of computer workstations was envisioned in the cupola from the beginning.”
“The corner cupola is made out of copper that complements the "fully restored 1897 terra cotta detailing.”
“The new module and cupola is going to give the astronauts a pretty posh addition.”
“The corner cupola is made out of copper that compliments the "fully restored 1897 terra cotta detailing.”
“The frescoe of the main cupola shows the via illuminativa (way of enlightenment) with the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost.”
“But the architect who first erected and aerial cupola, is entitled to the praise of bold design and skilful execution.”
“The name cupola was established by Jay Cory, of Johnson Engineering (another of our JSC design group), and myself.”
“Does anyone know how the window shields on the cupola are actuated?”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘cupola’.
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Looking for tweets for cupola.