American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A wide, low-pitched gable surmounting the façade of a building in the Grecian style.
- n. A triangular element, similar to or derivative of a Grecian pediment, used widely in architecture and decoration.
- n. Geology A broad, gently sloping rock surface at the base of a steeper slope, often covered with alluvium, formed primarily by erosion.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In architecture, a low triangular part resembling a gable, crowning the fronts of buildings in the Greek styles, especially over porticos. It is surrounded by a cornice, and its flat recessed field or tympanum is often ornamented with sculptures in relief or in the round. Among such sculptures are found the finest remains of Greek art—the pediment-figures of the Parthenon, by Phidias. In the debased Roman and Renaissance styles the same name is given to gables similarly placed, even though not triangular in form, but semicircular, elliptical, or interrupted, and also to small finishing members of any of these shapes over doors or windows. In the architecture of the middle ages small gables and triangular decorations over openings, niches, etc., are often called
pediments. These generally have the angle at the apex much more acute than the corresponding gable or gablet in Roman architecture, which, on its part, is markedly higher in proportion, or less obtuse-angled at the summit, than Hellenic pediments. See also cuts under acroterium, octastyle, and pedimented.
- n. Hence In decorative art, any member of similar outline, forming a triangular or segmental ornament rising above a horizontal band, as in ironwork; such a member above the opening of a screen or the like: it may be entirely open and consist of light scrollwork only.
- n. architecture A classical architectural element consisting of a triangular section or gable found above the horizontal superstructure (entablature) which lies immediately upon the columns; fronton
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Arch.) Originally, in classical architecture, the triangular space forming the gable of a simple roof; hence, a similar form used as a decoration over porticoes, doors, windows, etc.; also, a rounded or broken frontal having a similar position and use. See temple.
- n. a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
- Alteration (influenced by Latin pēs, ped-, foot) of earlier perement, probably alteration of pyramid. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Supporting the pediment were a pair of beautiful, naked women—caryatids, she remembered from college art class—who, like Joss, accepted their fate with unblinking stoicism.”
“The beauty of the marble from which stones and columns were cut might have seemed enough, but the builders carved groups of figures in the three-cornered space (called the pediment) in front between the roof and the stones resting upon the columns.”
“Above the pediment is a canopy with the Virgin and”
“It is crowned with a pediment, which is too large for its span.”
“For them the misty goal is not even in sight; the vale is bounded by huge pine-clad precipices, wreathed with snow and crowned with cloud; but to Meyrick it does appear quite definitely what we are, and as for the end, well, the avenue of the world seems to lead up to a neat classical building with pillars and a pediment, that is called the temple of reason and common-sense.”
“In the pediment is the usual representation of the”
“Corinthian columns, surmounted by a half-circular pediment, which is richly ornamented.”
“In the angle of the pediment is the figure of an angel greeting the new-born spirit, and raising his hand, points to the place prepared for him in heaven.”
“Capitol a group apparently prepared for a pediment, which is by no means mean.”
“It is crowned with a pediment, which is too high for its span.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘pediment’.
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