American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A structure, usually brick or stone, built against a wall for support or reinforcement.
- n. Something resembling a buttress, as:
- n. The flared base of certain tree trunks.
- n. A horny growth on the heel of a horse's hoof.
- n. Something that serves to support, prop, or reinforce: "The law is by its very nature a buttress of the status quo” ( J. William Fulbright).
- v. To support or reinforce with a buttress.
- v. To sustain, prop, or bolster: "The author buttresses her analysis with lengthy dissections of several of Moore's poems” ( Warren Woessner).
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A structure built against a wall, for the purpose of giving it stability.
- n. Figuratively, any prop or support.
- n. In farriery, an instrument of steel set in wood, for paring the hoof of a horse.
- To support by a buttress; hence, to prop or prop up, literally or figuratively.
- n. A wall or abutment built along a stream to prevent the logs in a drive from cutting the bank or jamming.
- n. The angle formed on the plantar surface of the hoof by the junction of the wall with the bar.
- n. architecture A brick or stone structure built against another structure to support it.
- n. Anything that serves to support something; a prop.
- n. botany A buttress-root.
- n. climbing A feature jutting prominently out from a mountain or rock; a crag, a bluff.
- v. To support something physically with, or as if with, a prop or buttress.
- v. To support something or someone by supplying evidence; to corroborate or substantiate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Arch.) A projecting mass of masonry, used for resisting the thrust of an arch, or for ornament and symmetry.
- n. Anything which supports or strengthens.
- v. To support with a buttress; to prop; to brace firmly.
- v. make stronger or defensible
- n. a support usually of stone or brick; supports the wall of a building
- v. reinforce with a buttress
- From Old French bouterés, nominative singular of bouteret, from Frankish *botan, from Proto-Germanic *bautanan (“to push”). Ultimately cognate with beat. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English buteras, from Old French bouterez, from bouter, to strike against, of Germanic origin; see bhau- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Salvini, a noted Italian democrat, was right on the mark when he observed: "The widespread ignorance of events is the main buttress of injustice".”
“And when this policy seemed in danger of leading to regression as a result of electoral defeat, the commit ment to electoral (hence revisionist) activism was characterized as a buttress to the established theory of societal breakdown rather than as a major concession to revisionist ideology.”
“Close to this window, and rising up just above the sill of the clerestory windows, is a narrow, flat buttress, which is probably of the same date as the window.”
“To the right of the buttress is a long two-cusped lancet light; to the left may be traced, perhaps, the outline of an original round-arched window; while on both sides there are sloping lines in the masonry, as if there had been an acutely-pointed gable here.”
“The end of the buttress was a foot or two below the level of the leads, where Clara stood.”
“ChangeWave's survey results on dropped calls buttress the complaints made by iPhone users since Apple introduced the smartphone: AT&T's network performance is sub-standard.”
“Dr. LACEY: And in some cases, people even change what they eat, because many times, what you'll see in a person who's sleep deprived is they will tend to snack more on high-carb types of foods and snacks in order to kind of buttress their general energy level in an attempt to kind of self-stimulate and keep themselves more awake.”
“Where Shakespeare makes this the essential focus of his play (in which the revenge tragedy arc is merely a clothesline on which the rest hangs), the Nolans use it as a kind of buttress (though perhaps a central buttress) in a complicated plot made up mostly of action-adventure tropes.”
“We have found in the wall's western half two rectangular recesses on either side of a central "buttress" with a semicircular recess, still almost completely covered with red wall plaster (see restoration and conservation).”
“This kind of buttress was also used in the next, or Semi-Norman style.”
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